Lecture 2 - LECTURE 2 THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF CITIES...

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LECTURE 2 THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF CITIES
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Theories of Urban Origins Agriculture surplus Hydraulic theory Economic theory (e.g. emergence of trade) Population pressures Military theory (defence needs) Religious causes
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Regions of Early Urban Centers
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Pre-Industrial Towns and Cities Ancient Cities : First cities: 5000-2500 BC in Mesopotamia (sumer) Advances in technology: agriculture, trade Emergence of independent city-states, urban system Cities—distinct from earlier settlements (Childe) Urban form: 1. Dense, walled, roughly circular 2. Center: Tenemos (sacred space/space of power)
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The First Cities: Ur
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The first cities: Ebil
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Evidence of Urban Revolution (Childe) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6 7 8 9
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Foundations of US Urban Systems
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Phases of Urban Development in North America EARLY YEARS: Cities and towns as outposts of European economies Urban system operated as ‘gateway cities’ Cities such as Charlestom, Newport, New York, Philadelphia became the main ‘entrepots’
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Phases cont’d… THE MERCANTILE ERA (1790-1840) Part of the emerging economy centered on Europe Role circumscribed by French and British governments Resource extraction, but little permanent settlement Expansion of urban system, influenced by the constitution. How? Immigration facilitated the development of cities Urbanization also fueled by an increased agriculture productivity.
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Urban development process
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Vance’s Mercantile Model of North American Urbanization 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
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Emergence of industrial economy from the early 1840s. Why? 1.
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Lecture 2 - LECTURE 2 THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF CITIES...

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