LECTURE%205 - LECTURE 5 MODELS AND THEORIES OF URBAN...

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LECTURE 5 MODELS AND THEORIES OF URBAN SPATIAL STRUCTURE
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Some Key Issues for this Lecture Is there any pattern to the way social groups are distributed across urban space? Do social groups occupy distinct parts of cities? What kind of social divisions and spatial patterns do you observe in the city you are familiar with?
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Models and Theories of Urban Sjoberg’s idealized model of geographical structure of pre-capitalist city Burgess concentric zone model Homer Hoyt’s model of urban structure Harris and Ullman’s multiple nuclei model Bid-rent theory of urban land use
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Organization of Pre-industrial Urban Space – Sjoberg Small and compact (“ pedestrian city ”) Little separation home and workplace Spatially segregated - - -
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Burgess Model of Residential Differentiation & Neighbourhood Change Burgess developed his model in 1924 on a study of Chicago city Burgess arranged areas of the city in concentric circles around the CBD Land values decreases outward from the CBD
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Underpinning Concepts 1. 2. 3.
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The Process of ‘Invasion’ and ‘Succession’
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E. W. Burgess’ Concentric Land Use Model
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Criticisms of Burgess’ Model Did not fit well with other cities. Why? Idea of competition is flawed. Why? Social distinctions are not natural, but constructed Overlooked complexity of society Gentrification and inner city development have also reduced general applicability of the theory Suffers from “ecological fallacy”
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course GEOGRAPHY 277g taught by Professor Arku during the Spring '08 term at UWO.

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LECTURE%205 - LECTURE 5 MODELS AND THEORIES OF URBAN...

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