Introduction to Ethics

Introduction to Ethics - Introduction to Ethics Ethics The...

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Introduction to Ethics
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Ethics The inquiry into the nature of morality and moral acts; the study, questioning and justification of moral rules. “Ethics questions and justifies the rules we live by, and, if ethics can find no rational justification for those rules, it may ask us to abandon them. Morality is the stuff our social life is made of – even our personal life – and ethics is the ordering, the questioning, the awareness, the investigation of what we believe: Are we justified in believing it? Is it consistent? Should we remain open to other beliefs or not?” (p 11)
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Questions to consider What does the word “morally” right or wrong mean? Are there any moral rules that always obtain? Which ones? How do we know that those are the moral rules? What makes a moral claim true? Is being moral a matter of actions, rules, principles or character traits? What is the relationship between God and Morality? Why be moral? What is the relationship between happiness and moral goodness?
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John Stuart Mill on moral standards The questions is often asked, and properly so, in regard to any supposed moral standard – What is its sanction? What are the motives to obey? Or, more specifically, what is the source of its obligation? Whence does it derive its binding force? It is a necessary part of moral philosophy to provide the answer to this question. … It arises, in fact, whenever a person is called on to adopt a standard, or refer morality to any basis on which he has not been accustomed to rest it. For the customary morality, that which education and opinion
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Introduction to Ethics - Introduction to Ethics Ethics The...

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