Zoonoses - Introduction Zoonoses diseases naturally...

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Introduction Zoonoses – diseases naturally transmitted between animals and humans Transmission can occur by: Direct contact with an infected dog/cat Indirect contact with secretions, feces, or hairs shed Shared vectors such as ticks and fleas Humans are at greatest risk when: Immune system is compromised (Ex: HIV or chemo) Very young or very old
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Risks Risks of acquiring zoonotic disease are minimal Incidence of infection varies: By geographical location Whether pets are kept indoors or allowed to roam/hunt By preventive healthcare being given to pets Major route of transmission of enterics: fecal-oral route Cutaneous zoonoses: transmitted by direct contact with pet hair or contact with exudates from skin lesions of pet Include fungal, parasitic, and bacterial infections Ex: ringworm (fungal)
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Risks, cont. The only zoonotic respiratory infections of life- threatening significance to humans are: Plague from cats with pneumonic form Tuberculosis in dogs In these cases, euthanasia of pet is recommended due to high risk associated with handling infected animal
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Rabies Zoonotic virus Caused by rhabdovirus that is infectious for all warm- blooded animals Primary reservoirs: bats, skunks, foxes and raccoons
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ADS 2223 taught by Professor Huntington during the Spring '08 term at Mississippi State.

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Zoonoses - Introduction Zoonoses diseases naturally...

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