alexander the great - Describe the conquest of Alexander...

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Describe the conquest of Alexander the Great and analyze the legacy of his empire. Be sure to mention his impact on Persia, India and Egypt, as well as the cultural implications of his conquests. Introduction Alexander the Great as his name implied was indeed the greatest leader of his times, and his exceptional leadership skills made him the most outstanding military leader of the day. As a strategist he carefully and thoughtfully planned his strategies for battle before he struck. One of Alexander's successes lay in his tactics. One of his best known strategies was the phalanx, a technique that allowed its enemies little openings for attack. He knew the importance of cavalry as an offensive weapon and was also skilled at changing tactics in the middle of a battle. He was well educated having been taught by Aristotle, which prepared him for the ascension to the throne. Of his many strong points, Alexander was quick to make decisions and was never afraid to take extraordinary risks, which can be attributed to having a good education. He possessed a strong charismatic ability which enabled him to motivate and inspire his army to fight his many battles, a leadership quality which can be attributed to success in battle. One of his major characteristics which always led him to victory was that he always led from the front and was known to talk to every troop and receive the same wounds as they did. His success was largely achieved by being forceful and having the will to overcome whatever came up against him. The greatest fete of his lifetime was his defeat of the Persians and Greek and his conquest of Egypt and Asia Minor, and his security of the Mediterranean Sea, which was a very important trade route between people of the region. Alexander was born in 356 BC to King Phillip II and his wife Olympias.
After the assassination of his father in 336 BC, Alexander became the King of Macedonia. It is against this background that the issues of his conquest and legacy will be explored. From the beginning of Alexander’s reign Persia was one of the major countries he had set out to conquer. Not only was Persia a very vast and wealthy empire that stretched from Egypt, the Mediterranean Sea, India and central Asia, but he needed the wealth of Persia to maintain the great army he inherited from his father. During this time Darius III was the King of Persia with amuch stronger army of one million men. However with great skill and military warfare, Alexander’s armies destroyed the Persian defense force at the river Granicus now Turkey. Of histroops the hetairoi (Companion cavalry) was considered the strongest of their time. In three decisive battles he routed the Persian forces and took their empire, which included Egypt and the

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