REL 1350 20 Modernity 2015 - Modernity The Developing...

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Modernity: The Developing Liberal Tradition Weaver (REL 1350) New Intellectual Developments Challenge Traditional Orthodoxy in Late 19 th Century Evolution – Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species , 1859 o Some insisted on the traditional reading of a literal six day creation story o Others developed various views that allowed for evolution ( theistic evolution: God is the creator who used evolution to create) Industrialization and Urbanization change a formerly rural America o Social Gospel lecture is coming The growth of feminism: women’s equality Mass communication and travel – are the heathen really heathen? Modernism/Liberalism in America (19 th -20 th centuries) Modernism/Liberalism arose in attempt to make Christianity relevant, intellectually respectable, in other words, consistent with the scientific advances of modern culture Content of Liberalism Primacy of reason o Ushered in with the Enlightenment of the 18 th century o “Have courage to use our own reason – that is the motto of the E.” (Kant) o Reason, rather than Scripture or church authority and tradition, is supreme authority for theological method o Historically, the method was Anselm’s “faith precedes reason” o

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