1 lecture one what is learning and science of psych

1 lecture one what is learning and science of psych - What...

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What Is Learning? PSY 333 Spring 2008
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Learning is… A relatively permanent change in behavior  that occurs as a result of reinforced  practice (Kimble, 1961) Relatively permanent – once acquired the  behavior is not forgotten Result of reinforced practice – consequences  following the behavior leads to the behavior  occurring again.
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What is Learning? Learning represents a relationship between  Independent Variables and Dependent  Variables.  IV – Practice riding a bicycle with support.  DV – Child simultaneously pedals, sits on bicycle,  and balances without falling.  Is that it? Has something else occurred? Is there an intervening variable (an unseen  process) that has caused the new behavior?
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Does Learning Represent an Internal  Process? Two Opposing Views Is learning the result of intervening variables? Child has acquired a bike riding schema. Behavior would then be the result of an internal change  in the organism  That internal change would be learning Or is Learning the behavior change? New behavior is not a result of learning, but learning  itself No internal change is necessary to account for learning
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Learning vs. Performance Given the belief that learning is an  intervening variable How do you know learning has occurred? Given the belief that learning is behavior  change How do you know learning has occurred?
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Traditional Behavioral Psychology Perspective –  Intervening variables can not be objectively studied.  Intervening variables unnecessarily complicate explanations  of behavior. Focus is on understanding external environments (stimuli).  Determinism Non-behavioral Psychology Perspective Intervening Variables represent real constructs.  Focus is placed on understanding and changing (if  necessary) these internal constructs. Free Will
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1 lecture one what is learning and science of psych - What...

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