Diversity and Racial Conflict Midterm Study Guide

Diversity and Racial Conflict Midterm Study Guide - Div...

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Div ersity an d Rac ial Conflict M idt erm Study Guid e (Ideo log ic al) Ra cism : A system of belief that considers a group’s unchangeable physical characteristics to be linked in a direct and casual way to psychological or intellectual characteristics and that, on this basis distinguishes between superior and inferior racial groups. Af ri ca n vs. Amer ic an Sl aver y: ch 2 G al la gh er p. 12 Slavery in African cultures was generally more like indentured servitude: slaves were not made to be chattel of other men, nor enslaved for life. Al l-W eathe r ill iber al: discrimination, prejudice Al l-W eathe r Libe ral: non-discrimination, non-prejudice Assimi latio n: an intense process of consistent integration whereby members of an ethno-cultural group, typically immigrants, or other minority groups, are "absorbed" into an established, generally larger community. This presumes a loss of many characteristics which make the newcomers different. A region or society where assimilation is occurring is sometimes referred to as a melting pot. Bl ac k Seg rega ti on ( trends): look at questio n 1 and 4 i n essay m assey Black segregation was heavily decreasing from 1900-1960, then it started to rise again until 1980. Now it is slowly decreasing again, but at this rate, it was take a very long time for the trend to come full circle. In 1990 more than 6 metropolitan areas had isolation indexes of 80 or more. This means that most Black people lived in neighborhoods that were more than 80 percent Black. Ci vi c Assimi latio n: ethnic identity seizes to be your primary political identity. (i.e. engage in certain civic activates because of beliefs or interests NOT ethnicity) Co lorbli nd Rac ism : means less blatant form of racism yet maybe even more powerful than racism in the past. since the civil rights acts of the 1960s people actually think racism is a thing of the past. some people actually think its all equal now that everyone has rights. Co mp ositio na l di ffer en ces : Racial groups differ in terms of their average age, education, region of residence--these are compositional differences that might bear on the quality of their lives Co ntext of Rece pti on: anjal i Crim in ali zatio n: the process by which behaviors and individuals are transformed into crime and criminals Cultu ral Assim ila ti on: when an ethnic group melds their culture with U.S. culture and some cultural practices and values are “lost in translation” Cultu ral Ca pit al: have to recognizably be a part of the middle class (i.e. be affluent or know another language, travel, etc. – accents) Dif ferent ial retur ns: Different racial groups differ in terms of how much benefit the receive by virtue of growing older, attaining more education, or living the "best" regions. Disc ri mina tion: behavioral manifestations of prejudice; actions deriving largely out of prejudice; unequal
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course SOCI 142gm taught by Professor 10:00-11:50 during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Diversity and Racial Conflict Midterm Study Guide - Div...

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