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chapter4 class - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition,...

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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Chapter 4: Perception
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Sensation vs. Perception Sensation a process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimulus energy Perception a process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Perception Is… The process of recognizing, organizing and interpreting information from environmental stimuli. How do you recognize these items?
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Perceptual Basics Sensory Adaptation Occurs when sensory receptors change their sensitivity to the stimulus Constant stimulation leads to lower sensitivity Our senses respond to change
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Perceptual Basics Sensory Habituation non-associative learning in which there is a progressive diminution of behavioral response probability with repetition of a stimulus for example, a short time after we get dressed, the stimulus clothing creates disappears from our nervous systems and we become unaware of it.
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Adaptation vs. Habituation
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Perceptual Basics Perceptual Constancy Object remains the same even though our sensation of the object changes Example: Shape constancy
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Depth Perception The ability to see the world in 3 dimensions and detect distance Vision only has a 2-dimensional view We must interpret the information given to perceive depth We take flat images and create a three dimensional view Optical illusions demonstrate that this interpretation does not always have to be correct
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Texture Gradients Grain of item Relative Size Bigger is closer Interposition Closer are in front of other objects Monocular Depth Cues
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Monocular Depth Cues Linear Perspective Parallel lines converge in distance Aerial Perspective Images seem blurry, the farther away Motion Parallax Objects get smaller at decreasing speed in distance
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Binocular Depth Cues Binocular Convergence Eyes turn inward as object moves towards you, brain uses this information to judge distance Binocular Disparity Each eye views a slightly different angle of an object; Brain uses this to create a 3- d image
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 4 Binocular Depth Cues
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg
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chapter4 class - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition,...

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