chapter5

chapter5 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J....

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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Chapter 5: Memory
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Information Processing Approach Reflects the “Cognitive Revolution” Used computer as model Hardware is the computer itself In humans it is the brain Software: programs- e.g., word processing In humans: how information is registered, interpreted, stored, retrieved and analyzed
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 3 Processes in Memory Encoding Processes used to store information in memory Storage Processes used to maintain information in memory Retrieval Processes used to get information back out of memory
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Taxonomy of memory
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Implicit or Explicit Memory Implicit memory Unintentional, automatic Information from everyday experiences Does not change over lifespan Explicit memory Deliberate, effortful Increases from infancy to adulthood
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Multiple-Memory Systems Model Tulving (1972) Semantic Memory General knowledge Facts, definitions, historical dates Episodic Memory Event memories (first kiss, 6 th birthday) Procedural Memory Memories on how to do something (skiing, biking, tying your shoe)
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Multiple-Memory Systems Model Support PET technology to look at episodic and semantic memory Asked people to engage in semantic or episodic memory tasks while being monitored by PET Results Left (hemisphere) frontal lobe differentially active in encoding (both) and in semantic memory retrieval Right (hemisphere) frontal lobe differentially active in retrieval of episodic memory
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Event Memory A form of episodic memory – long term memory of events or episodes; memory for everyday events Depend on hippocampal circuits – but can be preferentially activated by distributed populations of neurons in the brain Memory is highly distributed (ex. hammer )
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Hippocampus and Memory Hippocampus Critical for integration and consolidation Essential for declarative memory Without the hippocampus only the learning of skills and habits, simple conditioning, and the phenomenon of priming can occur
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 5 Patient H.M. HM suffered from intractable epilepsy that
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course EXP 3505 taught by Professor Grotuss during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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chapter5 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J....

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