chapter6

chapter6 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J....

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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Chapter 6: Memory Processes
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Memory Systems
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Baddeleys’ current version of the multi- component working memory model.
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 To Understand Memory Processes Need to understand encoding processes, retrieval processes, and how they function together for short term storage (STM) and long term storage (LTM)
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Interaction of Encoding and Retrieval Processes Participants read a story about the activities of two boys at home either from the point of view of a burglar or a homebuyer Later the participants were asked to remember as much as possible about the story they read The point of view affected what participants recalled Homebuyers were more likely to remember that the basement was musty Burglars were more likely to remember the coin collection and color TV
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Encoding Types and STM Encoding the process we use to transform information so that it can be stores. For a computer this means transferring data into 1’s and 0’s. For us, it means transforming the data into a meaningful form such as an association with an existing memory, an image, or a sound Evidence exists for a variety of encoding types for STM
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Encoding Processes Creating an acoustic code What it sounds like Creating a semantic code What it means Creating a visual code What it looks like
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Encoding Processes Information stored in STM is encoded primarily in acoustic form However, encoding process in STM can occur in other modalities
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Evidence for Acoustic Encoding in STM Conrad (1964) Visually present a series of letters Ask participants to write the order letters are presented What types of errors are made?
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Conrad (1964) Found evidence for the use of an acoustic code in STM Participants made acoustic errors F for S, B for V, P for B Not visual errors E for F, O for Q, R for P Participants encoded items acoustically even though stimuli were presented visually
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 6 Shulman (1970) Evidence for semantic encoding in STM Participants viewed 10-word lists Given a recognition test using visually represented "probe words" which were either: Homonyms - e.g. "bawl" for "ball" Synonyms - e.g. "talk" for "speak" Identical to the original word
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course EXP 3505 taught by Professor Grotuss during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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chapter6 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J....

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