chapter9

chapter9 - Cognitive Psychology Fourth Edition Robert J...

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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Chapter 9: Language: Nature and Acquisition
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Communication Honeybee Recruitment Dance Intensity for distance, direction with respect to the sun Humpback Whale Song Composed of themes altered each year and sung by all males of the group Vervet Monkey Alarm Calls Distinct calls are given for distinct predators and produce distinct escape behaviors
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Labels for more than 35 objects (e.g., paper, key, wood, cork, etc.) Functional use of No Phrases such as I want X , Wanna go Y where X and Y are appropriate words Labels for 7 colors Can identify number of items up to 6 Alex can use vocabulary to identify proficiently, request, refuse, categorize, and quantify more than 100 different objects
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Primates Bodamer, Fouts, Fouts, & Jensvold (1994) Studied private signing by chimpanzees Found private signing is robust
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Washoe could reliably use about 250 signs ASL in proper context or rote learning of different sign sequence due to repeated conditioning
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Washoe Washoe (September 1965 – October 30, 2007) Jane Goodall: Roger (Fouts, who worked with Washoe), through his ongoing conversations with Washoe and her extended family, has opened a window into the cognitive workings of a chimpanzee's mind that adds new dimension to our understanding
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Washoe Washoe adopted an infant named Loulis No humans signed in front of infant chimp Loulis still managed to learn over 50 signs from other chimpanzees No active teaching, rather Loulis just learned through observation among other signing chimps
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Language Language is unique to humans (evolved 200,000 yrs or less) Organized way to combine words (symbols) to communicate Engine for predicting events, organizing memories, planning behaviors
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 9 Language No other species on earth approaches humans ability to communicate We tell stories about our real experiences and invent stories about imagined ones and celebrate those who tell them Language offers an infinite variety of novel representations
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Chapter 9 Language The differences between language and other natural modes of communication are vast. Vocalizations of other animals are
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chapter9 - Cognitive Psychology Fourth Edition Robert J...

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