chapter11.2

chapter11.2 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert...

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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Chapter 11: Problem Solving
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Problem Solving Initial State Current situation Define the problem Goal State Desired objective Infants cannot solve problems until the demonstrate goal directed behavior Obstacles Choices made about limitations Strategy choices Limited resources
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Problem Solving Cycle Identify Problem Evaluate success Monitor Solving Allocate Resources Organize Info Select Strategy Define Problem
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Identify Problem Understanding – a constructed internal representation of the problem Requires ability to attend to most relevant information of the task and inhibit non-relevant information Relies on cognitive abilities such as attention, memory, and decision making
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Select Strategy With complicated problems, several steps must be executed An important aspect of problem solving is planning Planning requires: Inhibition of current activity Time
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Define the Problem Well-structured problems Clear path to the solution Math problems Anagrams Ill-structured problems Dimensions of problem are not specified or easy to infer Finding an apartment Writing a book Each problem requires different strategy
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Strategies to Solve Problems Algorithms finite list of well-defined instructions for accomplishing some task that, given an initial state, will proceed through a well-defined series of successive states, eventually terminating in an end- state
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Transformation Problem Hobbits & Orcs Three hobbits and three orcs come to a river and find a boat that holds two. If the Orcs ever outnumber the Hobbits on either bank, the Hobbits will be eaten. How do you get them all to the other side?
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 11 Strategies to Solve Problems Heuristics Useful rule of thumb based on experience Educated guesses, intuitive judgments or simply common sense Strategies using readily accessible, although loosely applicable, information Efficient but does not guarantee a correct solution
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course EXP 3505 taught by Professor Grotuss during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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chapter11.2 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert...

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