chapter13.1

chapter13.1 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Chapter 13: Human and Artificial Intelligence
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13
Background image of page 2
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Historical Trends Sir Francis Galton Francis Galton (1822- 1911) The first to use mental tests Measurement as the best empirical basis of scientific practice “Whenever you can, count”
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Francis Galton’s Anthropometric Laboratory (1884)
Background image of page 4
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Anthropometric Measurements
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Francis Galton Inaugurated new line of psychological research – Individual Differences Vastly impressed with Darwin’s (his first cousin) work – believed in innate mental superiority due to natural selection Spent his career separating and measuring ‘nature’ and ‘nurture’ Published Hereditary Genius in 1869 – examined gifted people “Gifted” was based on public reputation
Background image of page 6
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Francis Galton He coined the term “eugenics” Society should encourage the breeding of “superior people” Logo from the Second International Eugenics Conference in 1921
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Historical Trends Alfred Binet (1857- 1911), French psychologist Along with Theodore Simon, invented of the first usable intelligence test, the basis of today's IQ test.
Background image of page 8
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Mandatory universal education of children was instituted in France in 1881. In 1899 the Free Society for the Psychological Study of the Child (which Binet was a member) urged the Ministry of Public Instruction to do something about retarded children Binet, with old friend Simon, created examination to relocate specific children to special classes or schools
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Binet-Simon scale Binet and Simon assembled a number of tests through trial and error and tested hundreds of children Measuring Scale of Intelligence in 1905 – tests of increasing difficulty Found that children considered to be retarded were simply not as developed as ‘normal’ children
Background image of page 10
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Binet-Simon scale “Understanding the normal progress of intellectual development among normals, we shall be able to determine how many years such an individual is advanced or retarded” Defining intelligence in terms of age and assembling a series of cognitive tasks that measured the mental age of a child replaced anthropometric testing
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Terman Lewis Madison Terman (1877-1956), a cognitive
Background image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 41

chapter13.1 - Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online