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chapter13.2 - Cognitive Psychology Fourth Edition Robert J...

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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Chapter 13: Human and Artificial Intelligence
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 School Psychology Some researchers in the field of school psychology believe that the Gf-Gc theory and the three-stratum theory of cognitive abilities represent the most comprehensive and well researched frameworks of the structure of intelligence to date.
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Gardner’s (1983) Multiple Intelligences Eight types of abilities that are independent of one another Visual / Spatial Intelligence Musical Intelligence Verbal Intelligence Logical/Mathematical Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence Intrapersonal Intelligence Bodily / Kinesthetic Intelligence Naturalist Intelligence
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Gardner’s Theory Is modular, each type is independent of another Allows for existence of savants Gardner theorized that although individuals are capable of intellectual functioning in several relatively autonomous areas, they do so in the context of social interaction .
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Sternberg’s (1985) Triarchic Theory Emphasizes how 3 types of abilities work together to create intelligent behavior Triarchic Theory Analytical Compare, Evaluate & Analyze Creative Insights, Synthesis, Adapting in unique situations Practical Dealing with Everyday tasks Relating to world
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Intelligence involves not merely adapting to one’s environment but in some cases modifying the environment or selecting another Intelligences are developing abilities not fixed characteristics of an individual; Traditional definitions conceptualize intelligence to remain essentially constant throughout an adult life Intelligence means adapting using your strengths and improving or compensating for your weaknesses
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Sternberg's theory of intelligence Considers the cultural world of the individual as a critical component Sternberg believes that it is inappropriate and counterproductive to seek an understanding of intellectual behavior in only one domain since the locus of intelligence is both within the individual as well as the world that the individual inhabits
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Cognitive Psychology, Fourth Edition, Robert J. Sternberg Chapter 13 Vygotsky's cultural or socio-historial perspective Cognitive potential emerges, develops, and is displayed
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