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Anthro 235 Mid Term Review

Anthro 235 Mid Term Review - Anthro 235 Mid-Term Review...

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Anthro 235 Mid-Term Review Films The Navigators: Pathfinders of the Pacific First Contact The Troriand Islanders of Paupa New Guinea Terms/Categories Ethnography: the description of particular cultures ( i.e. dance and religious rituals); genre of writing that presents varying degrees of qualitative and quantitative descriptions of human social phenomena, based on fieldwork . Fieldwork: when an anthropologist spends time “living” in a culture for a year or two and experiences the ins and outs of that culture Culture: behavior and ideas that are learned and shared over time. Austronesian languages: spoken everywhere but New Guinea (Paupa: Indonesia and New Guinea) Non-austronesian languages: people who populated New Guinea Austronesians (characteristics of early): outrigger canoes, horticulture, pottery makers Lapita pottery: austronesians used simple tools to make pottery (from New Caledonia) Lapita people: from New Caledonia (Tonga); horticulturalists; ocean going sailors, went from Melanesia Samoa and Tonga; early ancestors of Polynesians Astral navigation : guided by the stars; needed knowledge of swells Hunter-gatherers: Austronesians Horticulturalists: development of root crops primarily; austronesians Hokule’a: outrigger canoe voyage whose purpose was to bring ancient navigation skills back to Polynesian culture. (Satawal) Kon-tiki: Competing theories of settlement patterns (David Lewis: said used navigation to sail vs. Thor Hyerdahl: drift theory) Bridewealth: Pearlshells: a form of wealth in the Pacific Islands Lingua franca/pidgin language (Tok Pisin): a “3 rd ” language used so two different speaking groups can communicate European exploration in the Pacific: Reasons why the Pacific Islands were of interest to Europe ( 5 reasons: 1. Source of land; 2. Wanted to convert “souls” to Christianity; 3. Natural resources; 4.Source of labor; 5. Source of new knowledge about natural and human world Penal colony: an Australian settlement where they detained prisoners.
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Copra: dried coconut meat (used for shampoo and conditioner) Blackbirding: Beachcombers as cultural brokers: interpretations, intermediaries; convicts, sailors and ex-missionaries Religious revivalism: Evangelicalism: Missionaries (typical characteristics of): Male, mid 20’s, unmarried, lower-middle-class, tradesman by occupation (practical skills) Christianity=civilization ; civilization=Christianity: London missionary society, date and place of first arrival in pacific: 1797, Tahiti Indigenous responses to missionaries: Rejection, conversion, cargo cults, independent Christian churches, convert to
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Anthro 235 Mid Term Review - Anthro 235 Mid-Term Review...

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