History - History Rise of the"Iron Rail 1865 35000 miles...

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Seeing Through Statistics
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Chapter 17 / Exercise 4
Seeing Through Statistics
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History Rise of the "Iron Rail" 1865: 35000 miles of track in US 1900: 192500 " " Railroads allow people to be in touch through businesses 20ty century= 1900 Beginning of industrial revolution land (supply), labor ( workers), capital ( money) Pacific Railroad act of 1862 railroads forced US to have common time zone due to train times RR's - business revolution integrated national market "robber barrons" coorperations monopoly o horizontal and vertical o If there's only one place, there is no competition an d then the quality doesn’t have to be as good Urbanization : America ( Move to the City) 1865-1900 apartments were often shared between 15 people/ no light/ no bathrooms o people spent most of their time out of the house 5 cent lodging o immigrants would rent out a small space in someone's apartment for 5 cents Factories no safety regulations "sweat shop" o labor o no ventilation Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Asch building , 8th and 1oth floors
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Seeing Through Statistics
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Chapter 17 / Exercise 4
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o fire o ladders only reached up to the 6th floor so they couldn’t get to people o foremen locked doors on women who were working so they couldn’t get out caused people to better consider safety Critics : financial trickery political corruption monopoly of power humanity toward labor disregard for consumer Defenders : created economics of scale vertical and horizontal integration rationalization of American industry technical innovation promotion of efficient organization What is Socialism? Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) o formed in 1905 by radical unionists and socialists o sought to achieve socialists principles within the labor movements left wing(liberal) right wing (conservative) socialists/ liberal/ democrat republican conservative/liberation Socialism: we're all going to earn exactly the same
some people will work harder and some people will slack off if their getting paid equal anyway you have to cut and raise different wages o tax heavily then redistributing to pursue policies that create equality Communism: scientific socialism socialists are way too optimistic and think they can work through the government to make changes o communists say we need to overthrow the government and start from scratch threatening because it includes violence Strikes great strike of 1877 the haymarket affair the homestead strike the pullman strike federal troops would constantly have to come in strikes backfire o people would get black balled and never be able to get another railroad job o turned public against labor movement because of all of the violence o "the strike hurts interstate trade it has to stop" government uses interstate commerce as the catch phrase to justify federal government unit assignment: proper heading times new roman double spaced terms: at least one from each section avoid dramatic and empty adjectives don’t wait until sentence 2 to be specific use examples American Colonial Power Spanish American War (1898)
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