4A Self Defense & Internaitonal Law

4A Self Defense & Internaitonal Law - Merchant Ship...

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Merchant Ship Self-Defense and International Law
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International Law and Merchant Ships Recognizes only two states of existence Peace Declared War Situations of high tension and undeclared war are treated as peacetime for legal purposes
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Internal Waters Those <12nm from a sovereign nation subject to the laws of that nation Right of Innocent Passage The right for ships (Warships and Merchants) to transit internal waters of a nation on a continuous and quick voyage May stop and anchor if required by safe navigation Must not be disruptive to the peace or good order of the coastal nation, including: NO firing weapons NO launching aircraft NO intelligence collection NO research and survey operations
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International Waters International Waters are the waters outside of internal waters, including: Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) – 200nm Archipelagic Sea Lanes Right of Free Passage Ships are subject to the laws of their own countries and International Law
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Peacetime International Rules of the Road International laws and agreements recognized by country of registry (e.g. SOLAS-Safety of Life at Sea agreement to which US and most other maritime nations are parties) Merchant ships in international waters are considered to be the sovereign territory of the country of registry: any crime committed onboard that ship is subject to trial under the laws of the country of registry
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Peacetime
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