Webster’s Magical History Tour: • Aqueducts were what allowed Rome to colonize areas without natural freshwater access. They were the first civilization to do this o Idea taken from Etruscans o Aqua Augusta 96km Feeds entire Bay of Naples o Aqueducts would be built through, rather than around, mountains o Gravity fed. One inch per mile elevation lowered o Roads are aligned with the Aqueducts since they take the easiest/shortest path through the landscape • Pompeian Water Use o Public & Private Fountains o Agriculture – Grain, Olives, Grapes, Fish Farms o Businesses – fullonica’s, pistrina’s etc (Cloth Washers and Bakers) o Public & Private Baths o Public & Private Toilets • Pompeian Aqueduct Structure o 3 Stream running water system 1. One to Public fountains 2. One to Public Baths 3. One to wealthy residents o People had a version of indoor plumbing, but not an efficient sewer system o Flowing through lead pipes from a central water tower (Castellum Aquae) o In times of low water supply, they stopped water flow in order of priority • Private Aqueduct • Public Baths • Public Fountains • Castellum Aquae o Was usually a looked after by a trusted slave o Was funded by government o Was located outside the Vesuvian Gate • Vesuvius is Uphill (Gravity Fed) • Road runs down centre of city • Public Fountains o Constantly spouting water (no taps) through ornamental face o Recycling loop • Private Fountains o Highly ornamental o Small flow o Would rise to certain level then pass onto another house • Public Baths (thermae) o Forum Baths o Central Baths
o Sarno Baths o Stabian Baths • Thermae would include a locker room (apodyterium), a gym (palaestra), a hot room (caldarium) , a warm room (tepidarium), a cold room (frigidarium) and the Stabian baths had massage and poetry readings • Male and Female Seperated or Women would use the baths at times outside Lunch • Men would use the Baths as business deals places • Prostitution and Sex likely took place • Central baths were under the framework of reconstruction after AD62 Earthquake • Stabian Baths take name from the fact they lie at the intersection of the via Stabiana and via d’ell Abondanza. They are the oldest baths in Pompeii and four different building phases can be identified. The oldest part seems to date from the 4 th Century BC and consisted of the palaestra, a series of small rooms with tubs along its north side and a well to Stabiana. • Suburban Baths built around the end of the first century BC on an artificial terrace facing the sea outside the Marine Gate. Discovered in 1958 and have been excavated and restored. Could have been that it was intended for visitors and travellers looking for rest and recreation.
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- History, Ancient Rome, World Heritage Site, Pompeii, Mount Vesuvius