Operant Conditioning - occurring again. Examples Escape and...

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Operant Conditioning Individuals learn that their actions, rather than conditioned stimuli, produce outcomes. How does operant conditioning differ from classical conditioning?
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The law of effect (Thorndike) Responses followed by pleasing consequences are strengthened. Responses followed by unpleasing consequences are weakened.
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The Nature of Reinforcement Consequences that increase the likelihood of responding.
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Positive reinforcement Presentation of an event after a response increases the likelihood of that response occurring again. Examples Stickers $ for grades
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Negative reinforcement Removal of an event after a response that increases the likelihood of that response
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Unformatted text preview: occurring again. Examples Escape and Avoidance conditioning Removing an itch by scratching Removing the sting of sunburn with lotion Punishment Consequences that decreases the likelihood of responding. Positive punishment Negative punishment Positive Punishment Presenting an event that reduces the likelihood that a response will occur again. Example Spanking. Giving extra chores. Negative Punishment Removing an event that reduces the likelihood that a response will occur again, Examples Taking away privileges. Grounding....
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Operant Conditioning - occurring again. Examples Escape and...

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