Chap%2017%20Mgmt%202500%20kk

Chap%2017%20Mgmt%202500%20kk - Chapter 17: Creating...

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Chapter 17: Creating Effective Organizations
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Organization: Organization- “a system of consciously coordinated activities or forces of two or more people” Chester I. Barnard Four characteristics: Hierarchy of authority Coordination of effort Common goal Division of labor
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Organizational Definitions: Unity of command- each employee should report to a single employer Organization chart- boxes and lines illustration showing chain of formal authority and division of labor span of control- the number of people reporting directly to a given manager Line (formal authority) & staff positions (research, advice, assistants to)
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More Definitions: Closed system- a self sufficient entity, closed to the environment Open system- an organism that constantly interacts with its environment Learning organizations- proactively creates, acquires, and transfers knowledge throughout the organization
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New vs. Old Organizations: (see attached) New: Dynamic, learning
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Chap%2017%20Mgmt%202500%20kk - Chapter 17: Creating...

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