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BSCI 201 Human Anatomy andPhysiology 1Lecture NotesEXAM 1
Define ANATOMY:the study of the structures of the body and how they relate to each other.What are the 5 subdivision fields in anatomy?Gross or Macroscopic Anatomythe study of large body partsvisible to the naked eyeRegional Anatomyall the structures in a particular regionof the bodySystemic Anatomystructure of the body are studied by the systemsMicroscopic Anatomyvery small structuresthat cannot be viewed with the naked eye – structures viewed by the aid of a microscope: Cytology– cellsviewed by the aid of microscopeHistology– tissuesviewed by the aid of microscopeDevelopmental Anatomystructural changes (such as growth) that occur in the body throughout the life spanWhat is the Mastery of Anatomy?OBSERVATION: Be able to know what you see instantlyMANIPULATION: Know the function of the structureMASTERY OF ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY: directional terms/greek and latin termsTermMeaningSuperior/CranialAboveInferior/CaudalBelowVentral/AnteriorIn Front of Dorsal/PosteriorBehindMedialToward or at the midline of the body“on the inner side of”LateralAway from the midline of the body“on the outer side of”ProximalCloserDistalFarther SuperficialExternal surfaceDeepInternal SurfaceWhat does PHYSIOLOGY mean?The study of the function of the body’s parts.Name the 3 body planes and sections:
Frontal plane: dissects body into
Transverse plane: dissects body into
What are the 4 characteristics of THE BODY IN ANATOMICAL POSITION?
4.THUMBS POINT AWAY FROM THE BODYWhat is systemic physiology?