4_Bio_Genetics_Evol_notes

4_Bio_Genetics_Evol_ - Nature Nurture and Human Diversity Genetics A History Gregor Mendel Characteristics are transmitted from parents to

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Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
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Genetics - A History Gregor Mendel Characteristics are transmitted from parents to offspring Watson and Crick Structure of DNA Human Genome Project
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Terms Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA): Molecule carrying the biochemical instructions for development Chromosomes: Thread-like structures containing the genetic material Autosomes Sex chromosomes Gene: A segment of DNA/ chromosomes that code for the production of a protein
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DNA Chromosome
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Terms Genotype: Inherited genetic material Phenotype: Observable expression of the genetic material Environment: Everything except genes
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Dominant-Recessive Model of Inheritance Above are the Mendelian inheritance patterns for two brown-haired parents who are both heterozygous for hair color. The allele for brown hair (B) is dominant, and that for blond hair (b) is recessive. Note that these parents have three chances out of four of producing children with brown hair. They have two chances in four of producing brown-haired children who carry the gene for blond hair.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYC 001 taught by Professor Carlivati during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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4_Bio_Genetics_Evol_ - Nature Nurture and Human Diversity Genetics A History Gregor Mendel Characteristics are transmitted from parents to

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