7_Child Devel_notes

7_Child Devel_notes - Child Development Studying Young...

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Child Development
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Studying Young Children What mental abilities do children have? What do infants know? What are they thinking?
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Habituation A decrease in response to repeated stimulation Adaptive for learning Relation to IQ in later life
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Play Children’s play is a manifestation of their cognitive abilities Requires perspective taking and symbolism Symbolic Play (pretend or fantasy) Children use objects to represent other objects Play promotes children’s development of social and cognitive abilities
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When Does Knowledge Develop? Nativists “Core knowledge” hypothesis Innate abstract concepts Information in the environment is insufficient
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When Does Knowledge Develop? Non-nativists Knowledge about objects/concepts occurs as the child interacts with the environment Very few inborn structures Piaget (scientist)
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Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory: The Stages Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years) Preoperational (2 to 6 years) Concrete Operational (6 to 12 years) Formal Operational (12 to 19 years)
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Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory: Basic Principles Constructivist theory Infant’s knowledge is “constructed” through action ACTIVE CHILD! Discontinuity
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7_Child Devel_notes - Child Development Studying Young...

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