14_Thinking_and_Language2_notes

14_Thinking_and_Language2_notes - Language Language...

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Language Language  transmits  culture
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Structuring Language Phrase Sentence Meaningful units (290,500) …  meat,  pumpkin. Words Smallest meaningful units (100,000) …  un, for .   Morphemes Basic sounds (about 40) …  ea, sh . Phonemes Composed of two or more words  (326,000) …  meat eater. Composed of many words (infinite) …  She opened the jewelry box.
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Grammar Grammar is the system of rules in a language that  enable us to communicate with and understand  others. Grammar Syntax Semantics
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Language Development We learn, on average  (after age 1), 3,500  words a year, amassing  60,000 words by the  time we graduate from  high school. Time Life Pictures/ Getty Images
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Language Development Central puzzles of language development The problem of reference: How do children come to associate words with the items, actions, or concepts to which they refer? The problem of grammar: How do children acquire abstract rules for combining words to express thoughts and ideas?
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Biological Basis of Language Neurobiology of language Localization: Neurological basis in the left hemisphere Language production: Broca’s area (frontal lobe) Language comprehension: (temporal lobe) Plasticity Localization of language in the brain becomes more specific
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Components of Language Language perception Social perception and early interactions: Gaze
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYC 001 taught by Professor Carlivati during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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14_Thinking_and_Language2_notes - Language Language...

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