15_Intelligence_notes

15_Intelligence_notes - Intelligence What is Intelligence?...

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Intelligence
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 What is Intelligence? Intelligence  (in all cultures) is the ability to learn  from experience, solve problems, and use our  knowledge to adapt to new situations.
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 Controversies About Intelligence Despite general agreement among psychologists  about the nature of intelligence, two  controversies remain: 1. Is intelligence a single overall ability or is  it several specific abilities? 2. With modern neuroscience techniques,  can we locate and measure intelligence  within the brain?
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Intelligence?
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General Intelligence The idea that  general intelligence ( g )  exists  comes from the work of Charles Spearman  (1863-1945) who helped develop the  factor  analysis  approach in statistics. Athleticism, like intelligence, is many things
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General Intelligence L. L. Thurstone, a critic of Spearman, analyzed  his subjects NOT on a single scale of general  intelligence, but on seven clusters of  primary  mental abilities,  including: 1. Word Fluency 2. Verbal Comprehension 3. Spatial Ability 4. Perceptual Speed 5. Numerical Ability 6. Inductive Reasoning 7. Memory
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Howard Gardner (1983, 1999) supports  Thurstone’s idea that intelligence comes in  multiple forms.  Gardner notes that brain damage may diminish  one type of ability but not others. People with 
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15_Intelligence_notes - Intelligence What is Intelligence?...

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