16_Motivation1_notes

16_Motivation1_notes - Motivation - 1 (Myers, 2006, p. 469)...

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Unformatted text preview: Motivation - 1 (Myers, 2006, p. 469) Perspectives on motivation Instinct theory (evolutionary theory) Drive reduction theory Arousal theory Maslows hierarchy of needs Hunger Automatic regulation of caloric intake prevents energy deficits, maintains stable body weight Biological and environmental factors Prevalence of Dieting and Losing Weight Childress et al.., 1993 Restrained eating Sexual Motivation Biology: sexual maturity, changes in hormones, sexual orientation Psychological: exposure to stimulating conditions, sexual fantasies Social-cultural: values (family, society, religious, personal), cultural expectations Sexual Orientation Biological correlates Brain differences Genetic influences Prenatal hormonal influences Motivation to Achieve Mastery Motivation: An inborn motive to explore, understand, and control ones environment Achievement Motivation: A willingness to strive to succeed at challenging tasks and to meet high standards of accomplishments Achievement In Western societies, achievers: Do well in activities Independent Competitive Self-reliant Responsible Work hard to obtain objectives Need for Achievement...
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16_Motivation1_notes - Motivation - 1 (Myers, 2006, p. 469)...

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