16_Motivation1_notes

16_Motivation1_notes - Motivation 1(Myers 2006 p 469...

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Unformatted text preview: Motivation - 1 (Myers, 2006, p. 469) Perspectives on motivation ■ Instinct theory (evolutionary theory) ■ Drive reduction theory ■ Arousal theory ■ Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Hunger ■ Automatic regulation of caloric intake prevents energy deficits, maintains stable body weight ■ Biological and environmental factors Prevalence of Dieting and Losing Weight Childress et al.., 1993 Restrained eating Sexual Motivation ■ Biology: sexual maturity, changes in hormones, sexual orientation ■ Psychological: exposure to stimulating conditions, sexual fantasies ■ Social-cultural: values (family, society, religious, personal), cultural expectations Sexual Orientation ■ Biological correlates – Brain differences – Genetic influences – Prenatal hormonal influences Motivation to Achieve ■ Mastery Motivation: An inborn motive to explore, understand, and control one’s environment ■ Achievement Motivation: A willingness to strive to succeed at challenging tasks and to meet high standards of accomplishments Achievement ■ In Western societies, achievers: – Do well in activities – Independent – Competitive – Self-reliant – Responsible – Work hard to obtain objectives Need for Achievement...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYC 001 taught by Professor Carlivati during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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16_Motivation1_notes - Motivation 1(Myers 2006 p 469...

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