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Unformatted text preview: 316 THE E N T 1E T H C E N T U THE PRESENT Problems o Agrarian Policy in the U.S.S.R.: Soviet Collectivization Jose ph Stalin Joseph Stalin 1879-1953 rosefrom his working-class origins to become a leading member of the Bolsheviks before the 1917 revolution, the general secretary of the Russian Communist party. in 1922, and the unchallenged dictator of the U.S.S.R. by 1929 In 1927 Stalin and the leadership of the Russian Communist party decided on a policy for the planned industrialization of the U.S.S.R -th e First Five-Year Plan, At the same time they decided ott a policy favoring the collectivization of agriculture. By 1929 Stalin made that policy more drastic, using massive coercion against the kulaks relatively rich independent peasants. Iculaks resisted this enforced collectivization and widespread death and destruction resulted. Nevertheless, by 1932 much of Russian agriculture was collectivized. Thefollowing is an excerpt from a 1929 speech delivered by Stalin at the Conference of Marxist Students of the Agrarian Question. In it he explains and justifies the policy of collectivization and the need to eliminate the kulaks as a class. Consider: The relations of this policy toward the kulaks to the policy for the planned industrialization of the U.S.S.R.; how Stalin justifies this policy as "sot" as opposed to "capitalist"; the differences between Stalins attitudes and ideas toward the kulaks and Hitlers toward the Jews. Can we advance our socialized industry at an accelerated rate while hav ing to rely on an agricultural base, such as is provided by small peasant farming, which is incapable of expanded reproduction, and which, in ad dition, is the predominant force in our national economy?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course SOC 321 taught by Professor Reiter during the Fall '08 term at Ohio State.
- Fall '08