01 - THE FIELD OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT

01 - THE FIELD OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT - THE FIELD OF CHILD...

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1 THE FIELD OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT • Understanding aspects of Human Constancy and Change from Conception through Middle Childhood • Part of Developmental Psychology or Human Development • Scientific and Applied • Interdisciplinary Periods of Development • The prenatal period: from conception to birth • Infancy and toddlerhood: from birth to 2 years • Early childhood: from 2 to 6 years • Middle childhood: from 6 to 11 years Domains of Development • Physical Development • Cognitive Development • Emotional and Social Development
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2 BASIC ISSUES • A theory describes, explains, and predicts behavior. • It provide organizing frameworks for our observations. • Depends on scientific verification. BASIC ISSUES IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT • Continuous or discontinuous development? • One course of development or many? • Nature or nurture as more important? A Balanced Point of View
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3 MID-TWENTIETH CENTURY THEORIES • The Psychoanalytic Perspective • The Learning Perspective • Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory The Psychoanalytic Perspective • Freud’s Theory • Erikson’s Theory Freud’s Theory • Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory of development emphasizes that healthy personality development is determined by how parents manage their child’s early sexual and aggressive drives.
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4 PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORY • THREE PARTS OF PERSONALITY ID EGO SUPEREGO • FIVE STAGES ORAL ANAL PHALLIC LATENCY GENITAL IMPORTANT NOTES OF PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORY ERIKSON’S THEORY- PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY •Erikson expanded Freud’s views - p sychosocial theory •Normal development related to cultural context in which it occurs.
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5 CONTRIBUTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY LEARNING PERSPECTIVE • It is concerned with behavior that can be observed and studied objectively and scientifically. • Development results from learning. • See development as continuous and emphasize quantitative development. TWO IMPORTANT LEARNING THEORIES • BEHAVIORISM • SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
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6 BEHAVIORISM • CLASSICAL CONDITIONING • OPERANT CONDITIONING SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY • Proponent - Albert Bandura – Emphasizes the role of modeling • Known as
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01 - THE FIELD OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT - THE FIELD OF CHILD...

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