07 - Cognitive Development in Early Childhood

07 - Cognitive Development in Early Childhood - (2 to 7...

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1 (2 to 7 years old) Advances of the Preoperational Stage 1. Increase in mental representation It is the ability to use symbols (words, numbers, or images to which a person has attached meaning) by making one object or action stand for another. Children show mental representation through: b. Deferred imitation c. Make-believe play d. Language a. Object Permanence • Benefits –Phys ica l – Cognitive – Psychosocial • Types of Play according to Piaget – Functional play – Constructive play – Pretend play
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2 2. Another advancement during the Preoperational Stage: Spatial Representation Spatial understanding improves rapidly over the 3 rd year of life. With their new representational capacity, children realize that a spatial symbol stands for a specific state of affairs in the real world. Insight into one type of symbol-real world relation, such as that represented by a photograph, helps preschoolers understand others, such as simple maps. Providing children with many opportunities to learn about the functions of diverse symbols, such as picture books, models, maps, and drawings, enhances spatial representation. Limitations of Preoperational Thought •Egocentrism – inability to see things except from one’s own point of view Thinking is rigid, limit to one aspect of a situation at a time,
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course SOC 321 taught by Professor Reiter during the Fall '08 term at Ohio State.

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07 - Cognitive Development in Early Childhood - (2 to 7...

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