08 - Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood

08 - Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood -...

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1 Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood Chapter 10 Initiative versus Guilt (3 to 6 years) Initiative is the ability to explore new activities and ideas and to purposefully pursue and achieve tasks and goals Guilt involves self-criticism due to failure to fulfill parental expectations. Virtue of Purpose – is the courage to envision and pursue goals without being unduly inhibited by guilt or fear of punishment. Self-Definition: A Neo-Piagetian View 1. Single Representations – 4 years old Children describe themselves in terms of individual, unconnected characteristics (transductive thinking), and in all-or-nothing terms. 2. Representational mappings – 5 to 6 years old A child makes logical connections between aspects of the self but still sees these characteristics in all-or nothing terms. In both stages, the child cannot decenter (think about several aspects of a situation at one time)
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2 Self-Esteem Global and unrealistic Contingent on success, children may develop a “helpless” pattern of thought and
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08 - Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood -...

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