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Unformatted text preview: Extremist Groups Definition
Extremist someone whose political or ideological views are so far from the mainstream that he or she has no realistic chance of accomplishing his or her goals using all our normal and acceptable means of accomplishing political or ideological goals. Extremists Not necessarily good or bad May simply imply differentness Exist at both ends of the political spectrum May engage in violent or illegal acts to
achieve their goals Memberships wax & wane 1 Violence
Members of these groups may engage in violence or crime to accomplish their goals Terrorism the use of violence or threat of violence, outside the context of a war or military conflict, to accomplish political goals through fear and intimidation. Hate Crime a crime of violence against members of a particular religious, ethnic, or social group committed by people who oppose that group. The Extremist Groups White supremacist groups Sovereign citizen movement Tax protesters Militia members White Supremacists
Major types in the US Traditional supremacists centered around KKK groups Christian Identity Neo-paganism/WCOTC Neo Racist skinheads 2 White Supremacists 708 hate groups in the U.S. 400 hate sites on the web Membership increases as the economy slows Southern states have the most active hate groups White Supremacists Numbers are increasing Rise in white power rock Rise in racist neo-paganism neo Ethnic nationalism Fastest increase the Neo-Nazi movement Neo- Sovereign Citizen Movement
Adherents to a philosophy which says there are two types of citizens: 1. Fourth amendment citizens 2. Sovereign citizens 3 Sovereign Citizen Movement
A sovereign citizen believes Property rights No paying taxes Not U.S. citizens Courts lack jurisdiction No complaining victim no crime Sovereign Citizen Movement
Signs: Use punctuation between middle and last name: Mary Lia; Reiter Lia; Refuses to have social security card, license, etc Refuses to use zip codes Display UCC 1-207 1- Sovereign Citizen Movement
UCC 1-207 1(1) A party who with explicit reservation of rights performs or promises performance or assents to performance in a manner demanded or offered by the other party does not thereby prejudice the rights reserved. Such words as "without prejudice," "under protest" or the like are sufficient. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an accord and satisfaction. 4 Sovereign Citizen Movement
Examples: Montana Freemen Republic of Texas Sovereign Citizen Movement The ideology is not a racist ideology, But, there are overlaps with racist groups Dangers: Do not believe our government is legitimate Want to get rid of the government Will fight virtually all laws In constant conflict with governments Militia Movement A movement based on armed, paramilitary Believe Americans need an armed force to help defend themselves against an increasingly tyrannical government Evoke the language of the 2nd Amendment groups. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the well- security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. 5 Militia Movement
Declined in numbers since the mid-1990s. mid About 73 groups down from 800 Why the decline? Militia Movement
Strongly Anti-government Anti Federal gun control Taxes Regulations Perceived federal attacks Conspiracy theories Apocalyptic beliefs Tax Protesters
Claim they shouldn't have to pay taxes Two separate movements: Left wing mostly died out Right wing Claim 16th Amendment was never legally ratified. ratified. Tend to get into trouble with the I.R.S. 6 Networking
How do these people find each other? Short wave radio Networks of groups with similar ideologies Internet sites Principle propaganda venue Most important discussion boards Privacy Persuasion Anonymity Planning support Why are there these groups? Membership is overwhelming made up of
disaffected groups Poverty Joblessness Lack of education Scapegoating Social By-Product Economic hardship Global restructuring Loss of farming/manufacturing Anger over gains by oppressed groups Resentment Backlash Anger Perceived governmental abuse of power 7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course SOC 321 taught by Professor Reiter during the Fall '08 term at Ohio State.
- Fall '08