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Answers to study guide 1. Introduction: History and now; Traditional cultures, Authenticity 2. stories: Folklore, literature, language, translation 3. Traditional mythology 4. Traditional Legends 5. Ethnohistory and Archaeology 6. Other Genres (jokes, material culture, ect) 7. Places and Living Things Paragraph 1 Mythology o Set outside of the real world o Before or after present day time o Origin o Explain world around them o cosmology o Connected with god/goddesses/religion o Sacred truths Legend o Set in the real world o Often historical o Often have to do with a place o Cultural heroes o Invites discussion about beliefs o trueish Marchen o Told for entertainment o Teach a story o Not true Importance of studying different versions of the same tale, rather than relying on one version o No such thing as one version of folklore o Gaps in translation o Canonization One accepted literary format Loss of many versions Often called “the cannon” o oicotype a variation of folklore in certain places How do we define folklore and how does this differ from literature? o Definitions multiplicity and variations (Dundes) Artistic communication in small groups (Amos) Unofficial Discourse
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o How does it differ from literature Folklore is never told the same twice Literature is printed once and remains the same, never changes with time Folklore is pre-printing press How is it that the study of folklore in Europe and folklore in America developed differently and what do the Native Americans have to do with this? o Europe Minority kept folklore to keep culture alive when they were colonized by England and France thus England and France both do not have folklore Grims was first to make folklore into literature (German) o America When colonized, push in new ways and push out native ways, but eventually colony gains independence Power then given to those who were like prior colony Native Americans pushed out Native American folklore dependent on mother nature so folklore centered on nature Paragraph 2 Why is studying Translation so important o Translation allows error in meaning and translational gaps to occur o True meaning of document lost or transformed to fit new culture o Fluency and domestification o Canonization risks underlying meaning of the story What were the main aspects of translation studies o Foreignization Remind reader document is foreign o Fluency Things that read fluent but lack translational gaps Princess o Domestification Making things kid appropriate o Brazilian Cannibalism Taking in old and making it your own Brazilians take in Christianity but make it their own o Laurence Venuti What is the role of performance o Mixes stories with culture o When in native language there is a break through in performance o Translations can not have true performance Code-switching o Switching back and forth between languages
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