Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - Todd Snyder Tok Study Guide Final...

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Todd Snyder Tok Study Guide Final Articles The Portal Case: Authenticity, Tourism, Traditions, and the Law Evans-Pritchard Background o Santa Fe, New Mexico Tourist spot because it gives view of unassimilated Native American Culture Portal of the Palace of the Governors Now part of the Museum of New Mexico o Portal of the Palace of the Governors Indians sell their wares and handicrafts Financial necessity for Indians Nearby pueblos, Navaho, Zuni and Hopi Comfortable place for tourists to buy genuine Indian crafts without middlemen Indians have been selling since 1909 (Edgar Lee Hewitt) and never questioned until 1976 The Incident o Anglo and Hispanic craftsmen selling in the Portal Evicted and municipal ordinance that street vendors must sell 500 feet away Museum permitted only Indians to sell there Indian tradition and culture would be eroded if Indians were not allowed to sell there The case o Paul and Sara Linvingston against George Ewing, the director of the Museum of New Mexico Constitutional rights were being violated Unlawfully discriminating against them on the basis of race Ruling Museums role is to stimulate and protect authentic Indian Crafts; portal policy is cultural not racial discrimination Won on technicality of designed to assist the economic survival of Native Americans Authenticity o Case revolved around which ingredients must be combined in which way to establish the authenticity of Indian jewelry o What is authentic? Ruling justified because it was the only way to maintain authenticity and historical relevance
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Living exhibit of historical use of the Portal Authenticity would be lost if others allowed to sell Only Indians can make Indian goods so anything others make is not and Indian good therefore they cant sell o Tradition and Authenticity used to justify cultural discrimination Livingston’s are a threat to traditional Indian culture because of copying Indian Jewelry Take Livingston away and people would assume it was Inidan- made Any Jewelry that combines silver and turquoise is likely to remind one of Indian Jewelry Not even experts can tell apart Though it is not Indian made it is of Indian style and cant be differentiated Who Decides Authenticity o Quality of the item, ethnicity of the artist, the degree to which the item may be considered traditional and the purpose it was produced o Can not copyright ethnic characteristics Hispanic and Indian artistic traditions are intermixed in Santa Fe Mexicans taught the Indians of the Southwest silversmithing o Definition of authentic Indian crafts problematic Intertwining traditions Indian Arts and Crafts sales act o Indians only Any enrolled member of Indian tribe as evidence by tribal records or BIA Thus Canadian Indian with different style can sell but half Indian woman not enrolled can not o Authentic Indian Arts and Crafts Handcrafted by Indians and not made by machine or from
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Final Study Guide - Todd Snyder Tok Study Guide Final...

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