09-14 - RELG 203: Bible and Western Culture September 14,...

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RELG 203: Bible and Western Culture September 14, 2007 I. The first five books of the Bible: Torah/Pentateuch a. Hebrew: tôrâ (‘instruction’) b. Greek: pente ( ! ! "#$ : ‘five’) + teuchos ( #$ " : ‘book’) = pentateuch ( !$"# # ) II. Myth a. Characteristics of myth i. usually involves events remote in the past ii. usually involves superhuman beings iii. usually involves a conviction that the world is we perceive it with our outward senses is not the ‘complete picture’ 1. intertwining of good and evil 2. heaven & hell meet on earth b. Frye: myth = extended metaphor for human condition i. nostalgia ii. loss, alienation, separation iii. hope of restoration c. J.R.R. Tolkien, “The Music of Ainur,” ch. 1 in The Silmarillion i. the Valar exist ‘before’ the creation of the world ii. Eru/Ilúvatar in council with the Ainur iii. Creation: variations on a theme iv. Fall: Melkor’s own imagining v. resistance to allegory (1-to-1 correspondence) III. Genesis 1:1–2:4
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09-14 - RELG 203: Bible and Western Culture September 14,...

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