Final - ta- "4- .. ._.a-' 1} freud presents conscious...

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Unformatted text preview: ta- "4- .. ._.a-' 1} freud presents conscious life as the effect of unconscious processes, which he describes in psychological terms {as intentions and motivations) and biological or physical terms [as instincts and forces]- Explain human nature as freud sees it and how he attempts to distinguish between a "normal" and “sick” (i.e.. neurotic} individual . In the second half of your essay. analyze Freud's theory of human nature from the perspective of EITHER Nietzsche 0R Sartre. Explain how Nietzsche's or Sartre‘s theory differs from andfor is similar to Freud‘s. and say which of the two you find most satisfactory. and why. 2] Thoroughly explain what Nietzsche means by "the death of God" What produces it? What stands against it? (Hint: Why does the madman decide that he has come "too early"?] How is the death of God related to a) nihilism; b} Nietzsche‘s theory of human personality; c) perspectivism; d} the reevaluation of values and art; and e} the overman? Finally. explain what Nietzsche means by the doctrine of the eternal return. How does the doctrine. whether true or a myth. constitute a test for the affirmative willing? Which would you prefer to live you life by. herd morality or the morality that opposes it? Explain. 3} Why does Sartre say that for human beings “existence precedes essence"? How does this relate to atheism? What does “essence precedes existence" mean? Explain what Sartre means when he says that we are condemned to be free. What kind of freedom does he have in mind? How is this claim consistent. if at all. with the claim that "when we say that man chooses his own self... we also mean by that that in making this choice he also chooses for all men" {$39264}? Do you agree with Sartre? Explain your reasoning. Finally. using either the example of the waiter in a cafe or the example of the woman "who has consented to go out with a particular man for the first time" explain what Sartre means by "bad faith'ij; _I Is same right to present bad faith as something we ought to avoid? Why ' "if": Jen-a- or why not? Explain. - . . f r _._ .r . c. if. . -. -«' --_ . _.._. tJDall1iy 1' L's-qu PEIJfitfifig Lari-l lgfir]! I. 5 n.- .f‘ r- , _ 1 . rte-a r” * ii . Nietzsc' he ' F" " Nietraehe explains “the death affine-ti" as anxiety-s general fisheliet'e in t1er Christian gird ltIIIIIILHI-I- ' ' death nffmd is predueed by turn causes e The first is maritin [ether pmtestant attenuation e Modem science teehnelegy, Gafiee. Newten and Darwin - What etancl against il is the peoples unwillingness to accent the gravity at" are death I.” flpmhfi or UAIrc— " How is Ll1e death of find related to nihilism?: Define nihilieni. The death efge-d ean lead te twc different nuteemes. a weak peretm wceid lead tn nialstic cenecnts. and a strung perm were accept the death target! to better themseleezt - Perpectieisnc itan aristocrat that a slave per-sea is had: gees to show that truth is only true in the context in which thee are given and these when accept them as tnnha. - Hewdtmthatdealniththedwtheffitd'?flecattsenewfiratgedisdeadneean accept the feet that there is no ahmltlte truth. ' Hnw people move past nihilism. gives meaning to life by empl'tat-tiring values and art * Haw deee the death effled relate to the ever man? It: the master of himself. he has perfected the an; at" being. ‘t’eur time that was put inte wet-sniping Geri could be transferred to perfecting yeur self to eventually heecming the ever meet ' Finallyr {time-lee of the intemal return): explain the monster! *‘lhelinternal I'El'lm'l“ _ ' Wettld litre in herd nr tnnrttiit},f that it'.’ i T‘ "' 5 J'v’fr .; err.- .-" - 1’ *' '- Taltes invitinaliattt nut ni'everytl‘ting, explain why yet: wouldn't want In live in the herd meta!in 1 H." Sartre Satireesplains his ideas-stite“essence'or“ttattn'e" oi'athinilgr isntore important and everlasting than its mere 'csLeteneeT Therefore. if you lit-11]]. to tmderstand a thing. what you most do is learn one about its "essence." Sartre does not apply this rule tmieersslly. but only to htnnanity. anoint: feel they can relate to the topic; may atheists l'll'lt’tlt‘ttttin this lnsic pretnise regardlefi ofthe fact that they had dispensed with the additional premise ofGod. Theyr assumed that human beings possessed some special “human nature" which controlled what a person could or could not he. tacasicr tcntts they all possessed some "essence" that preceded their "existence." Sartre goes on to rejects the idea. arguing that it was essential For anyone who was going to take atheism seriously. It isn‘t enough to simply abandon the concept offled. one has to also abandon any concepts which derived hem and were dependent upon ltied. Sartre argues that there were two kinds of being. The first is heing—in—itsell', which is found as fixed, complete. and having absolutelyr no reason for its being, itjust is. This is what he explain the world as external objects. The second is being-for—itselfl which is ihund as dependent upon the past for its existence. It has no absolute. liqu eternal nature and describes the state of humanity. Attending to Sartre the are all comic-mood to be free. We are condemned because we did not create ourselves. alttuugh in other respects we are he: 'hECflllSE once we were thrown into the would we are now responsible for everytthing we do- Since we are held accountable forotn'actionsitproeesfieedomdoescsist. 'Ihelrindol‘freedomthat hehas in mind is one that we are all in an absolute portion of fi'eedorn to alto-nee ourselves. 4- ‘Why does Same say that for human beings “existence precedes essence"?I Man exists, tum up. appears on the scene. and only afierwatfls defines himself HIIIEJ’L as then existentiaiist defines him. is indefinable. it is because at first he is nothing. Only afterward 1will he be something. and he will be what he has made himself. Tints there is not human nature. since there is not a God to conceive it " How does this relate to atheism: ifyou aren‘t an atheist you can‘t l'ollow his logic. [int it‘ynu are you atheist you can go alongI with his logic - What freedom does he have in mind, you can choose what kind ot‘pcrsnn you can he. hot you cant be chosen where and when - d-lnii c: idol? ,lrW‘TC' I‘l- ' When man ol'tooscs hintsel[-_ifman chooses himself then he chooses ptitteiples oi" luminosityr for himself. But in creating himself he create a certain image ol'man of his own choosing. 2H5 " Doyouagme with agree because ponpleareanimagc ol'a whole - Fncplainhad faith... explain inc-3"; nil-{3: - '1'” inf-55; 1- -’ 3:511.- r'i_-C}~’i:'ll L—F' 5r:- éddfi :"r' - 34.01%" ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Peter during the Spring '07 term at San Diego State.

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Final - ta- "4- .. ._.a-' 1} freud presents conscious...

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