Exam 3 - Physical Geography Lo] Exam 3 Fall coca Thorngrett...

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Unformatted text preview: Physical Geography Lo] Exam 3 Fall coca Thorngrett M MWF il l. The Equator is an example of a Great Circle. True False 2. The maximum distance hehvecn the earth and the sun occurs in J uly. This point on the earth's orbit is called a} coriolis h} perihelion c} aphelion d} ecliptic c} inclination 3. The latitude of the Arctic ICircle is a} 2392“ south is} 615 V20 north of: l)” d} 23 1K2“ north e} on V2“ south 4. a surface that reflects a high proportion ol'lhe incoming radiation that Falls on it is said to have a hi gh a} specific heat in) sensible heat c} alhcdo d} conductivity 5. Because of the coriolis client, 1tit-“irttisitt the Southern Hemisphere are always deflected to the ct" their original direction of motion. a] east is} left c) west d} right e} north 6. if the amount of water vapor in the air stays the same and the air temperature decreases, the relative humidity ‘Wlll a} decrease h} increase c} not change 7’. On the leeward side of mountain ranges there is often a region oflow precipitation. This dry region is called a] the doltiruins hi it liatahatie shadow c} a rainshadow d} the monsoon stone 8- A continental polar air mass (cl’) is most likely to he a} warm anti moist h) cold anti dry e) cool and moist d} warm and dry 9. The energy for hurricanes comes from the mlease of during condensation. a] cyclones h} ice crystals c) latent heat d} sensible heat It]. 1|Which hiome is charactmized hy grasslands with scattered trees. normally occupies a very warm climate zone with wet summers and. dry winters, and oficn has wildfires? a} midlatitude deciduous forest hi tropical rainlorest c) subtropical desert d] tropical savanna l 1. .fiin animal that eats only plants is a) a carnivore h} an herbivore c} a primary producer d} a tertiary producer e} none ofthe above 1 Physical Geography MWF it 12. Every time energy is passed from one trophie level to the next in a tiood chain. some energy is lost to the system. True False l3. Nutrients in a food chain a} are primarily added at the herbivore level h} pass from carnivores to herbivores to plants c} are recycled back to the plants d) flow in a oneaway direction, with {Jill/u loss in the translirr from one level to another 14. Which of the following are taken in by plants din-Eng photosynthesis? a} oxygen in} carbon dioxide e} water d} both a and h e"; both in and c 15. Which is true of the 1933 tires in Yellowst-zine National Park? :1} almost all ofthc animals were killed or completely driven from the park h) the tires were put out quickly, and with little expense e} no animals were harmed d} some conifers and other species were able to reproduce hecause ot‘the tires lo. Gray or blue color in a soil is usually an indicator that the soil contains a high percentage of iron oxide. True False 1?. A soil which is darlr in color often has large amounts of a) organic matter h} iron oxirles c} aluminum oxides d) salts iii. A soil that is very sandy will most lilrcly a) hold very little air b} have good drainage c} hold water very well d} have a high nutrientuholdiug ability 1‘}. The in a soil is the topsoil. containing both mineral and organic matter. a} a Horizon h} B l-lorizon c} C I-lorizon d] D Horizon e} F3 Horizon 2'3- .. ___. _ __ after a few days. a} hygroscopic h} gravitational cl capillary d} combined water saturates the soil temporarily after a rain. and will drain out 2! . fl soil is a soil that has a good balance of semi silt, and clay and is considered a good agricultural soil. at) silt b] glei c] loam d} perennial e} podzol 2 Physical Geography M‘WF ll 3. Using the soil texture triangle below, determine the classification eta soil which is composed inf-10% sand. Sim/- clay, and 40% silt. a} sand}- clay loam h} sandy clay e} slay team :1} team e} silt team s“ RVAV’AVZVA « “vet; s "IE-lit 23. Which at the fellnwing suit erders is s sefl. fertile seil. high in nrganie matter. type-still}r developing an grasslands in the middle latitudes? a} Spodosel h'l aridisol e} mellisel cl} exisel 24. rocks are rammed fi'om fragmems attire-existing rocks. mented by pressm'eerehemieal action, butnflt heat. a} igneous [extrusit-e} ht igneous {intrusive} e} smiimentaq‘ d} metammphic 25. Which uft'he fell-swing is true about intrusive igneous reeks? a} they the Usually fine—grained is} they are usuallyr coarse—grained e} they have settled and cq'fitfllllztid slowly. at great depths beneath the Earth‘s sttrfaee d}bethasnde e)helhhande 26- Which efflse fellewing is a {tars-eeltm-d trimsit'c igtteetz: melt similar in eempesitiett to basalt? s} grmite b} gnbhm 1:131:11: d} sandstone e} nimble 3 Physical Geography MWF 1 l 2?. ll'limestone is subjected to heat and pressure it ma}.r bemmc the metamorphic rock linonn as a} gtanite b} marble c} slate d} sandstone cl basalt 23.0mniccmslismuch tltira'terarsliscomposcd ol'rccltsthatatedenserthanthcroclts oi'the continentalenrst. Tme False 29.1'hc Earth’s crust and rigid 11.1)]!!! mantle togethcrmalre up the a} lithosphere b] core e} aslhenospbere dl Moho 3D. "the inner core ot'ttlc- Earth is belics'cd to be composed mostly of al iron and nickel b} basalt c} granite d} sandstone 3 I . Which of the following presides evidence [or the theoryr that today’s confirmnts were all once pan ofa large snpercontinent‘? a} the distribution of fossils of animals on various continents in the Southern Hemisphere h} the direction of motion of glaciers on 1various continents in the distant pact c) the observation that mountain ranges In Africa scented to match up with molt-near: rangss across the ocean in South America d} all of" the above 32. The youngesn rocks in an ocean basin are found along the mid-oceanic ridge. True False 33. What kind of tectonic plate boundary nuts linnt Somhem California to the San Francisco ates? a) converng (cocaine—continental} at n'artst‘onn c) divergent d} wavergmt {neuron-oceanic} 3-1. When a continental plate and an oceanic plate more toward each other, 1LII-'l'ticlt is most Illa-J}r to be subdtszted‘? at the oceanic plate b) the continental plate cleithcronfiitisamatterofrandmn chance whicth 35. At a transfmm plate bmaazlar}; two continental plates a} move slowlyr past each other. and eanhqmltes are common b} collide with each other, and old enctal material is snbducted c} nwveapanfromeach othcrasnewcmsml n‘taterialisbroughtup d} not: ofthe abuse as A piece of lithosphere that has been carried sleet}; by a drifting plate is accreted to another plate. "this new piece ofland added on to the meanest is called a] a tenant: b} a btulmlitlt c} a sill d] acontrergence c] a mantle plume 4 Physical Geography MWF t I 3?. The Himalaya Mountains between lnclia and China were primarily formed it}? a] an oceanic plate suhdttcting under another oceanic plate is} a continental plate colliding with another continental plate c) an oceanic plate suhdtteting under a continental plate d) sidewan movement of plates along a transform plate boundary 38- A hatltolith is most iiicel};r to he composed ofwhieh kind oi'roeit? a} limestone is) shale c} marble d} sandstone e] granite 39. The more silica a lava contains.? the thinner and more fluid it is likely.r to be. True liaise so. What type ofvolcano is large. with a gentle, rounded slope formed by layers of thin, fluid. lowr silica basaltic lava? a} composite 1volcano h) shield "volcano c} lava dome arr-Tao 4 | . Mt. Shasta. Mt. St. Helena, and the other volcanoes of the Cascade Range in the Pacific Northwest are generally a) shield volcanos located along a divergent plate boundary in) composite volcanth located along a divergent plate boundary c} composite volcanos located inland ol'a subduction zone d) shield 1t'oleanos located over a hot spot in the center of a tectonic plate 42. A fracture in roelc along which movement has taitc place. is a {n} . a) anIicline in} focus c} fault d}fo1d e} epicenter 43. A type of [old in which the rock layers are folded downward symmetrically as shown is called a{n) a) normal fold in} anticline c) horst d} syttclfite e} overturned fold 44. in the type ol'l'ault sketched below. movement is along the dip of the Fault: that ist the hanging wall moves down compared to the footwall. fl'his is a side View}. This is a fault. a) normal h} thrust c] reverse d} spike—slip // Physical Geography MW 1 ] 45. A Fault in which the hanging wall moves up along the dip with respect to the footwall, as shown {in a side View} is a{u} a} synchne h“) abnormal fault e} normal fault d} reverse fault 46. The San Andreas Fault in California is primarily.-r a _ ___ a] normal fault b} strike—slip fault e) thrust fault :1} reverse fault e} syneline 4?. Most earthquakes occur a]: in the centers of tectonic plates h} on the continental shelf e} along the boundaries; of tectonic plates d} after a volcano erupts 48. The point on the eartlfs surface that is directly above the focus of an earthquake is called a} the epicenter h} the fault line e} the surface wave d} the hypoeenter all}. Damage in an earthquake may some from a} shaking leading to collapsed buildings in) tires destroying buildings e} liquefaction of the soil (1} tsunarnis c} all of the above it}. In an earthquake? the intensity of shaking in loose sediments. such as silt and clay, is likely to be much more severe than the intensity of shaking of solid bedrock. if both are localod the same distance firm: the epicenter. True False This is test form A. Please write “Form A" at the top of your seantron. 6 Physical Geography MWF ll ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course GEOG 101 taught by Professor Osborn during the Fall '05 term at San Diego State.

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Exam 3 - Physical Geography Lo] Exam 3 Fall coca Thorngrett...

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