Exam 3 - 111. - if... __.._....:E .3. . _ . .. .. . ... I...

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Green plants get the cashm the} need first“ the air. in the form eit' carbon dioxide IE )2]. I: 5. 1|tr'tslncancIe-s are unusual: mtt'ldoide. no more than one perdecade tusuall} timer] erupt. I’ 6. Must of the earth‘s ems: is made up of mo elements: oxygen [47%] and silicon l 13% I. F T. An} ignemus melt uhich solidifies bet‘nre it rmhes the earth‘s surface is called “lit-lain" F 3. The cemept ol"'lifi: zones' is fairly simple: in terms ofthe “hen ynu travel I'mtn low to high cletation on a mountain. the plants and animals you Find at dill'erent elevations are going. to he very similar In what you'd see if‘yott traveled from lt‘t't't to hith latitude. F 9. Although the thickness ol‘thc earth's crust 1ttttrics. we can say that it is generally going to he tttuclt thinner underth cttrttinents. and much thicker under the oeeatts. F It]. “Potential natural segemfimt" is the kind of plant cmer that would csist if people do not alter the msimnrnent: “aflttfll natural t'egetatimt" is the plant enter that actually exists tenth}: F | l _ ln IJ1e prettiest. offlfl- the first plants [In {Keep} cleared land are called the "clients.— F I2. Under the right cireunfitances melts ean he beat and fitldetL What a melt later is bent upstart! it‘s called an “antieline.' lla layer is- I'ttmt doimnards it's called a “alt-nclttte." SECTION I: MULTIPLE CHOICE . Baa-Ed on the definitions ue :alllL'd about. which of the following [5 no}; a “mineral?” :t. tron. h. Sodium chloride- a. Steel. d. (Juana. 1. Deep sctt trenches {such as the Mariana Ttenclt. tlte deepest spot in the ocean} are an indication that a Iniculttr kind of tectonic plate interaction is tel-ting places. In terms of plate tectt'tttics. what tire trenches ttlt dical ltll-I- or: a. Sea floor spreading. h. Continental rifiing. e. Suhdtttrlion. d. Tmtsthnnativc frontiers. 5. When a melt is heated entrugh to clunge its chemical compusitiett or structure it i5 called a. ‘org-tnic." In. Win." c- "crystalline-" d. ‘chcmically precipitated." in. In the final state ol' a Et'ttttinenl-emlittent plate collision a mass of trtctm-rm'phic melt. 'wclds" the lam! getl'ter. ll‘tis "held" it. called a It. "wntlneattal smote." ls. "mcsmnphiliclinef t- 1|What is a ‘semphste‘?’ a- A muss of molten melt. which solidifies before it reaches the surface. In. .I't plant which is adapted to live ill a very- tit—:-r environment- c. A l'attlt tl'ractttrcl created b}'Wl'I'IPfEl-i§ll"llt- d. tJne ot‘the largest subdivisions ol'the global ecosystem. i- The 113131 productive wit-systems on eanh are deserts and areas of ripen menu. The mg productive are 1 Agricultural land and midlaritmie mites and streams. h. Tmpieal rain threw». soups and marshes. and reefs. c. Arctic tondta and the kneel Forest- d. Forms tans-where trees gmte }. l. The brittle canes-most [32.13 ofthc mantle plus the crust can he referred m as the “lithchphere.” This "finals" 1 a flexible “plastic” mantle lager called the a. “asthettosphere.” h. *pluton.‘ e. "comp-here." d- *esnspltere. It. What kind of forest is associated with a Mediterranean climate and is mostly made up ol'dmught—adttptcd sergreett shrubs? a. Monsoon forest. is. Low-latitude lbrest. c. Selerophyl Forest. !. t‘t sedimentary melt that is made From fragments ol'other rocks is called a. 'clastic." h "mafie “ :1 all e. 'island are." d. “httr‘st.” d. Tltorntrce-tall grass satanna. "'Ifmnil-h '- (I "almanac- V - It'tt Principles rd" Physical Generating- artlt's cure is believed to be made up ttFtwn layers: sttlid inner layer. and a liquid ttuter layer. liquid inner cure. and a sulld ttuter east-e, sedimentary inner can: and an renews enter era-e. ntat'te inner and a t'elsic tuner cute. : discussed in class. since all livingI things Use theenerg it: their lit-ed far biological activities {breathing . ete.t. tmty a t‘raetinn of the energy.- theJr' censtntte is available tn the next step up the feed web. On about haw much enerttgtr is passed between *‘tntpltic" levels? _ flflflfs la. 15% c. 45% d. lfl‘l'li is a caldera?l . very. small crater lnt'tt necessarily volcanic}. . medium-sized [less ll'tan “.5 cubic miles} shield volume- . ttqt-ressim tiliieh is always rental at the summit ut'a shield 't. ulcana. . him lashaped depression Created 1alien the atmmit ela veteanu collapses innard— t nl'tlte rflllt‘lt'llllg is ennsitlenad in be it than ul'mmpetitive ttrr “negative? species itttvzttatctiun'i'r _ {'nmmettsatism. It- Parasitism. c- Mutualistn. d. Pratneenpemtiett. in tve usuallv measure net pritnttrv pmduetivitv'? v extracting sugars fretn grntving. plants. and measuring that against average daily insaltttintt. _v weighing all the dried plant material {"bitnrtasafi. 1r campating the tittal bcildtls tit—plants grinning in different areas. 3 meawing the ratio tit-earthen to nitrogen in the atmosphere. I of the litlltming statemnts about slralmclcanaes is 15E? tatttt'ttltmltnes an: email}: associated nittt "hat spers“{ntantte plUlflflS}. tratnvelcanees are characterired by thin. tluid lava that is Ian itt dissolved gases. lie erupt inns ul' slratevttlcanttes are ettnsidered relatively "salie" and ttttn—cxplttsive. tatevnleanees usually have a steep~sided cane shape. der the map tn the right er the distributittn et‘ the quelling aspen tl’ttpettti t'ii Elan}- dint-tent envirenmetttal teeters can limiter canmtl the distributim :3. tll'the tit-[lusting uhicb is [l-fi't-ixlhi} the MOST impartstnt in limiting the an ttl' tltis specks? 11. Temperature. c. 1Wind. d. Sail. I ttfllte litllmviltg IF- NGT a Lind ttl' platen? tlt. ls. Dike- e. Elastic. d. .‘iill. are made up el' ittinerals. Wltat is the minimum number nt‘mincmls needed to make It reel-t? t b. 2 c. 4 d. Between 3 and 5. or euneetttratittn cit'a nutrient is called an “intrusion.” b. a ‘pmtf e. a “niche.” d. "symmetric." in: dtfllitflmb' land ti'resrtglyt called “tidal waves." The camel term is “seismic an. wave" or “pyn‘tielastic flea." ls. “tsunami.” c- ‘tephraf' d. “cratanf‘ group ttl' living things is egg! to the ecosystem since they are the base firth: filed Web? Prn-dtteets. b. l’rituttrv consumers. c- Fungi. d. Seeendat’y cansumers. 'II'ITI nt'veleanie activityr we discussed has never happened in mndern times. In this kind nt‘veleattie :trentel} fluid! lava t'lmvs tram cracks er fissures and there is no Tone“ at central crater. In places like .bia Plateau tit-eusattds efsquat‘e kit-emitters have been emcee-d with basaltic lava. This is called a “fluid bfialt." b. “stratuvalmna.” c. “caldet1_ d. “hydruthen'rul vent.M tp nt‘nrganisms that are mmnnmtv t'eund living togetan is filled a "kinship.’ it. an “empath.” c. a "e-ernntuttit} .' d. a “ac-alt.“ the center eftlte midocean ridge is a lung Heatehlilte feature called the “sale! rift.“ b. “retatienal aperture." c. “abvssal plain.“ d. '“ecrntinental divide." ningest at" the tltree majer geelngic eras. t'retn mug.th t‘ifi millien years age ta tlte presenL is called the Paleozoic. it- Ediacarait. e. Cenemie. d. t-telmene. nisms are able trt piedttce Fertile offspring we can say that the]: are members of the Settle bittmasse l't err-cit»; .r- um...- : 1t--- ; Principles of Physical Geography Fall 3305 9. r‘tceunting to your bruit... uhut is the difference between a “fiacst” and a “woodland?” a. In it litrest trees gross close together. the crowns of the trees touch. and the gruund is shaded. while itt tt 'i't'tl'tlllllillltl lltc trees Hrtlt'l-"fijfillttl' apart. the ground is less shaded and there are many shrubs and other plants. is. In a tvtmdlan-d trees- grr-u ten. close together. while in a liMES-‘l there is a great deal of open space. the ground receit es a lot of sunlight. and there are many shrubs and other plants. c. .-'t thrust is minted in} mature hruedteaied trees thin mt evergreens}: a “wetland is dominated h}- grasses and shrubs tor es ergreen trees t. d. Il'tiz- i} a trick qua-amt": the term-v "li‘rrest‘ and Whoa-diaan are equivalent. ll- “'I'lfll isa 'haititaa'f' a -'t measure fifth: annual ltllll'lll nl'trscfitl errergg. produced by an Ltmpflem. h. at unique en't iruttntent where a sariel} oFtiving things are (equal. c. Another way itl' tlescrihing "negath e" species interactions- d. A. description ul'tltc Iithctittn and place where a panicular organism lives. 1. “lies tectonic Ith‘L'L'fi pull reel. lasers apart. the rocks hrcat. —t.hat is. they fault- One side of the fault tncvcs p. the other natives Llu‘t’tll. and there is a steep I'ault scarp. This is a a. Normal fault. I]. Transform Fault. e. Strike—slip Fault. d. 'l'hrust Fault- 2- As diacuasctl in :tan' htllflIs. the primary pmccss ufevulutinn (“descent uith fllDdlfiflllDflfll is related to un is al - some organisms an: “ell adapted to their eut'it'mmerrt. some [cars well adapted. and these that are best dapteil stirs ice and leave more offspring. This pfl'lcfi'i is called a. ‘hioelimatic thinner-Th- "CIilltflh limitation-“ e. 'natural seleiaim.“ d. "disjunet distrilanion.‘ -3. ll-etueen the earth's core and the crust there is an Laue mile thick layer belie-rut to he made up oft-e13 dense flicutc melt. This layer is called the a. “crate-n." h. ’mautle.” c. “outer core.“ eL ‘therrnusphercf I-t. ltt class we said that Death Valley. here il't lt1‘alil'urnia. is a good emrnple et'a gfllflfifl. 1t’r'hat is a grahen? :1. t1. valley prpdttced the parallel littlits Ia downthrust hIocI-t between faults}. h. rt htuek mountain teithertilred ur lifted}. between parallel faults {an upthrust block]. c. .r't scrophptic ecus}stem. characterised by low annual rainfall and high Summer temperature: ii. .4. him t—shaped car it}. produced h} the inward collapse of a volcano. 1‘5. ln all animals {and in plants. toot. Food {sugar} is cmhined said: oxygen. energy is EIlflIIIEd. and CD: is given ofl'as a lili'ffl't‘llutfl. lt't'htat is this process edited? a. Respiratim. h. Photmsatlmis. c. 5}1flblfil=i d. Destmetire distillation. Id. We tallied alt-nut 'relieti' on the etuttinents and in the oceans. In tl'teuccans Ilia-Heart.- var}- large. deep. mostl} flat regions uhieh are called a. “continental sItieIds._ h. ‘ahg. ssal plains" e. "abysmal planes." d. fluid-ocean ridges." t7- “Alpine” and “Arctic” tundra are similar. but differ in one fitndamcntal way: a. t'trctic tundra is t'ruutd in the Northern Hemisphere. t‘tlpine in the Southern Hemisphere. h. Alpine tundra is found anywhere with a lung {more than 3 month} winter with heluw-Iieeziag temperatures; Arctic tundra is fll'II} found in areas of pemrafrost. c. “tough similar In appearance- alpine and arctic tundra are made up of vet],r diil'erent plants —- arctic tundra has no trees l'tut alpine tundra is made up or Imv—gmw'rng dis'ar'l‘coail'eta. d. Arctic tumlra is friend in the ."'t.1't.'lti.‘: .-'t.lpin1: tundra is fotutd at high elevations 48. l't'hcre m‘mavergem tsumdaries" found? a. In cmtinent-cmtinettt coliistons- h. In areas when: tenanes are "dthiag‘" c. In areeontineut collisions. it. This is atrielt. question; these are all csamples of converge-it plate interactions. {49. As we discussed in class. plants need a variety of nutrients to survive. I|t‘tlhatever nutrient is in shortest sttpplj.r is going tu put a ceiling in masitttuntt on pruuth. This is called a a. “sclerophyll.” h. "elitttax formation.“ e. “limiting factor.“ d. "syntpatt‘ic isolation factur." ill. Hui-t do intrusive and estrtetivc igneous melts ditlitr'.‘ __'I . a... _-.._t.'=— AullnanioI-h duhrl-i-fi m 54.33..- ...
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Exam 3 - 111. - if... __.._....:E .3. . _ . .. .. . ... I...

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