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DOH HEALTH PROGRAMS.docx - DOH PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAMS List...

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DOH PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAMSList at least 10 DOH public health programs with description.1.RABIES PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROGRAMDescriptionRabies is a human infection that occurs after a transdermal bite or scratch by an infected animal, likedogs and cats. It can be transmitted when infectious material, usually saliva, comes into direct contactwith a victim’s fresh skin lesions. Rabies may also occur, though in very rare cases, through inhalationof virus-containing spray or through organ transplants.Rabies is considered to be a neglected disease, which is 100% fatal though 100% preventable. It is notamong the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the country but it is regarded as a significantpublic health problem because (1) it is one of the most acutely fatal infection and (2) it is responsiblefor the death of 200-300 Filipinos annually.2.DENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMDescriptionOral disease continues to be a serious public health problem in the Philippines. The prevalenceof dental caries on permanent teeth has generally remained above 90% throughout the years. About92.4% of Filipinos have tooth decay (dental caries) and 78% have gum diseases (periodontal diseases)(DOH, NMEDS 1998). Although preventable, these diseases affect almost every Filipino at one point oranother in his or her lifetime.The oral health status of Filipino children is alarming. The 2006 National Oral Health Survey(Monse B. et al, NOHS 2006) investigated the oral health status of Philippine public elementary schoolstudents. It revealed that 97.1% of six-year-old children suffer from tooth decay. More than four out ofevery five children of this subgroup manifested symptoms of dentinogenic infection. In addition, 78.4%of twelve-year-old children suffer from dental caries and 49.7% of the same age group manifestedsymptoms of dentinogenic infections. The severity of dental caries, expressed as the average numberof decayed teeth indicated for filling/extraction or filled permanent teeth (DMFT) or temporary teeth(dmft), was 8.4 dmft for the six-year-old age group and 2.9 DMFT for the twelve-year-old age group(NOHS 2006).Filipinos bear the burden of gum diseases early in their childhood. According to NOHS, 74% oftwelve-year-old children suffer from gingivitis. If not treated early, these children become susceptibleto irreversible periodontal disease as they enter adolescence and approach adulthood.In general, tooth decay and gum diseases do not directly cause disability or death. However,these conditions can weaken bodily defenses and serve as portals of entry to other more serious andpotentially dangerous systemic diseases and infections. Serious conditions include arthritis, heartdisease, endocarditis, gastro-intestinal diseases, and ocular-skin-renal diseases. Aside from physicaldeformity, these two oral diseases may also cause disturbance of speechsignificant enough to affectwork performance, nutrition, social interactions, income, and self-esteem.

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