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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at:South African Education Before and After 1994Chapter· January 2009DOI: 10.18820/9781920338183/01CITATIONS8READS87,8602 authors, including:Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects:Quality Assurance in HEView projectStudent successView projectMabokang Monnapula-MapeselaCentral University of Technology16PUBLICATIONS160CITATIONSSEE PROFILEAll content following this page was uploaded byMabokang Monnapula-Mapeselaon 19 July 2017.The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
3S O U T H A F R I C A NH I G H E R E D U C A T I O NB E F O R E A N D A F T E R 1 9 9 4A POLICY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVEDriekie Hay & ‘Mabokang Monnapula-MapeselaABSTRACTIn this chapter the authors describe some theoretical underpinnings of policy analysiswith specific reference to one distinct approach, namely evaluative policy analysis.This is followed by an explanation of why the study of policies and policy analysis isimportant and of how governments steer higher education through policies. Both theSouth African and the European higher education systems are used to illustrate howsteering and policies influence each other. The main focus of the chapter, however, is onthe complexities, reasoning and forces behind policy development and implementationin South Africa, both before and after 1994. The chapter concludes with the challengesof policy development, implementation and evaluation facing South Africa.INTRODUCTIONSince the dawn of a new democratic era in 1994 the history and development of SouthAfrican higher education received intense attention and was embraced by many SouthAfrican scholars. One could argue that not enough has been done to analyse themanifold policies with the intention to evaluate their appropriateness at a given time,as well as their success in delivering what they advocate. In this chapter we deliberatelyshift the focus from a mere political tracking of higher education policies and weprovide a means to policy evaluation and analysis.For any person studying higher education, the South African history and current practicesprovide interesting perspectives and background to the complexities, reasoning andforces behind policy development and implementation. The chapter will commenceby providing theoretical underpinnings of policy analysis with specific reference to1Blitzer E (ed.) 2009.Higher Education in South Africa. Stellenbosch: SUN PRESSDOI: 10.18820/9781920338183/01© 2017 AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
4PART ONEISSUES OF POLICYone distinct approach, namely evaluative policy analysis. An outline is provided toclarify why the study of policies and policy analysis is important and to illuminate whatthe trends are in policy development in South Africa. The chapter also explains howgovernments steer higher education through policies. Both the South African highereducation and the European higher education systems are used to provide perspectiveson government steering.

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Term
Winter
Professor
ALAN FISH
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