Part 1 Melody: Musical line • Melody- is the line, or tune, in music, a concept that is shared by most cultures o The element in music that appeals most directly to the listener o A succession of single pitches that we perceive as recognizable whole • Range- the distance between the lowest and highest notes that the melody goes up and down on o The range of the movements • Contour- the overall shape as it turns upward or downward or remains static o How it moves up and down • Interval- the distance between and two pitches of a melody o Conjunct-melodies that move principally by small intervals in a joined connected manner are o Disjunct- melodies that move in larger disconnected intervals Melody Structure • Phrase-a unit of meaning within a larger structure • Cadence-where the phrase ends o It may be inconclusive giving the listener the impression of more to come o It may be final giving the listener the impression that the melody has reached the end o Where the singer or musician pauses to get breath • Rhyme scheme-describes the similarity in the sound of the last syllables in each line • Climax- the high point in a melodic line which usually represents a peak in intensity as well as in range • Counter melody-when the relative importance of one melody over the other is clear and the added tune is the counter melody Rhythm and Meter: Musical Time • Rhythm-what moves music forward in time, it propels music • Beat-basic unit of rhythm, it is a regular pulse that divides time into equal segments o Accented-stronger beats • Meters-the organized patterns of rhythmic pulses o Measures-meters in notation Measure lines-regular vertical lines on which the music is notated Metrical Patterns • Downbeat- the first accented beat of each pattern o Referring to the downward beat of the conductors hand o Duple meter- the most basic patter alternates on a strong downbeat with a weak beat o Triple meter-basic pattern, three beats to a measure one strong beat and two weak ones
Associated with dances like the waltz o Quadruple meter-contains 4 beats to the measure with a primary accent on the first beat and a secondary on the 3 rd , usually has a broader feeling o Simple meters-meters in which the beat as duple subdivisions
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