env law paper

env law paper - Kristen Cooper The Administration of...

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Kristen Cooper The Administration of Environmental Law Professor Wilf 4/24/07 Clean Water Standards Since the passage of the Clean Water Act in the nineteen-seventies the United States has slowly taken on the burden of keeping the environment, and all its precious resources, healthy and pollution free. The law itself passed in 1972, with various revisions made as the U.S became more aware of its impact on the environment. This paper will look at the standards for clean water, as prescribed by the act, as well as the various terms that the Environmental Protection Agency uses to define contaminants in water. The Clean Water Act, was originally known as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. The job of the act was, “…to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation's waters. .[by] attaining a level of water quality that provides for the protection and propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife, and provides for recreation in and on the water by 1983 and to eliminate the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters by 1985.”(U.S Department of Energy) There are five main elements to this Act. 1) a system of minimum national effluent standards for each industry, (2) water quality standards, (3) a discharge permit program that translates these standards into enforceable limits, (4) provisions for special problems such as toxic chemicals and oil spills, and (5) a revolving construction loan program (formerly a grant program) for publicly-owned treatment works (POTWs). For the purpose of this paper only the first two elements will be discussed at length. Before we leave the Act entirely, it is important to understand that the Clean Water Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency to set standards for all bodies of drinking water. It is a two-step approach to setting the standards. (1) establishing a nationwide, base-level treatment
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env law paper - Kristen Cooper The Administration of...

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