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The Foundation of Orthodoxy and the CanonA PaperPresented to Teacher Name ofLiberty UniversityLynchburg, VAIn Partial FulfillmentOf the Requirements forThe History of the Christian ChurchCHHI 301byStudents NameJune 6, 20161
2INTRODUCTIONIt is the purpose of this paper to discuss of the different methods or groups that wereinstrumental in the process of creating the Canon of the Bible that we know today.There will bethree different groups that will be covered within this paper and they are as follows the firstcouncil of Nicaea, the council of Trent and the last will be the marcion’s list.So now that weknow the topic of the paper and what will be covered, now let’s clear up something when itcomes to the topic of the bible it can be said that “all scripture is God-breathed and is useful forteaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may bethoroughly equipped for every god work”.1Let us now take a look at a few very interesting factabout the Bible, first it should be said that “Christianity accepted the 66 books of the Bible, 39Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books”.2The second of the interesting facts aboutthe Bible is that “Christians recognized that God spoke to them through certain books which hada certain innate spiritual power.They also recognized these books were written under theinfluence of God”.3Now it has been established what will be discussed as well as a few factsabout the Bible that is known today, let us now take a look at three of the different groups thatplayed a very vital role in the establishing of the Canon as well as some of the methodology thatwas used in establishing them as so.1 Men’s devotional Bible: New International Version (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Pub. House,1993),1317.2 Elmer L. Towns,Theology for Today(Mason: Cengage Learning, 2008), 803 Ibid., 80.
3As a study of the first council of Nicaea is being done, you can see that the main purposeof this group was to gather all of the books that they felt was to be deemed as being inspired byGod and put them all in one place.There was a man named Bernard Lonergan, and he is knownfor saying that “the abundance and variety of the material, unless it be drawn together in amanner that displays a pattern or order, are more likely to obfuscate than to illuminate the mind,to cloud the issue rather than clarify it”.4As this group was tasked to work through manydifferent issues, two of the main issues that they approached were “the order of various solutionsto the Trinitarian problem”.5Now let us take a look at what some of the terminology that wasused within this group.The Shepherd of Hermas, “who wrote at Rome perhaps as early as AD96 adopts terminology to develop his theology”,6some of the main types of terminology that wasbeing assessed in this time was things like, “son of God and the only begotten Son”7are just twoof the types of issues that the council of Nicaea was attempted to establish a precedence for.Oneof the topics that was covered during the council of Nicaea was the idea of the Trinity.It wassais that “Trinitarian and Christological doctrines were evolving explicitly, but implicitly thevery notion of dogma was evolving as well”.