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criminology Exam 2 Study guide.wps

criminology Exam 2 Study guide.wps - Criminology Study...

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Criminology Study Guide Exam 2 (midterm) Attachment: The bond between a parent and child or between individuals and their family, friends and school Behavioral Modeling: learning how to behave by fashioning one’s behavior after that of others. Biocriminology: the sub discipline of criminology that investigates biological and genetic factors and their relation to criminal behavior. Conditioning: the process of developing a behavior patter through a series of repeated experiences. Differential Association Reinforcement: a theory of criminality based on the incorporation of psychological learning theory and differential association with social learning theory. Criminal behavior, the theory claims, is learn through associations and is contained or discontinued as a result of positive or negative reinforcements. Ego: the part of the psyche that according to psychoanalytic theory, governs rational behavior; the moderator between the id and the superego. Extroversion: according to Hans Eysenck, a dimension of the human personality, describes individuals who are sensation seeking, dominant and assertive. Id: the part of the personality that, according to the psychoanalytic theory, contains powerful urges and drives for gratification and satisfaction. Neuroticism: a personality disorder marked by low self esteem, excessive anxiety and wide mood swings (according to Eysenck) Psychoanalytic Theory: In criminology, a theory of criminality that attributes delinquent and criminal behavior to a consciences that is either so overbearing that it arouses excessive
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feelings of guilt or so weak that it can not control the individual’s impulses. Psychopathy: a condition in which a person appears to by psychologically normal but in reality has no sense of responsibility, shows disregard for the truth, is insincere, and feels no sense of shame, guilt or humiliation (sociopath) Psychosis: a mental illness characterized by a loss of contact with reality. Psychoticism: a dimension of the human personality describing individuals who are aggressive, egocentric and impulsive (Eysenck) Social Learning Theory : a theory of criminality that mains that delinquent behavior is learned through the same psychological processes as no delinquent behavior (though reinforcement). Superego: In the psychoanalytic theory, the conscience, or those aspects of the personality that threaten the person or impose a sense of guilt or psychic suffering, and thus restraining the id. Accommodate: In regard to achieving the American Dream, to adjust non economic needs so that they are secondary to and supportive of economic ones. Conduct Norms: Norms that regulate the daily lives of people and that reflect the attitudes of the groups to which they belong. Cultural Deviance Theory: Theories positing that crime results from cultural values which permit, or even demand, behavior in violation to the law.
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