Images of Women exam 1 review

Images of Women exam 1 review - Images of Women- Exam I...

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Images of Women- Exam I 01/03/2008 22:21:00 PALEOLITHIC PERIOD- C. 50,000 – 8,000 B.C.E     . 1. FERTILE WOMAN FROM WILLENDORF A. EMPHASIS ON REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS B. NO EMPHASIS ON MAN BECAUSE THOUGHT THAT THERE WAS NO CONNECTION  2. FERTILE WOMAN FROM LAUSSEL A. RELIEF SCULPTURE, FOCUS ON LARGE BREASTS, WIDE HIPS,  SWOLLEN BELLY B. HOLDING AN OBJECT POINTED ON ONE END- REFERENCE TO THE  C. FOCUS ON FUNCTION RATHER THAN APPEARANCE NEOLITHIC PERIOD- 8,000 – 3,000 B.C.E.-      MARKED BY DOMESTICATED ANIMALS  1. CATAL HOYUK 7,000 – 5,000 B.C.E . – TURKEY (ANCIENT: ANATOLIA) A. FERTILE FIGURES- PAINTED WOMAN SCULPTURE FOUNDING GRAIN  STORAGE- INDICATES RECOGNITION BTWN PLANTING SEED TO  B. BULLS W/ HORNS- TRACES OF PAINTINGS ON WALLS- ROW OF  PLASTER BEASTS, VULTURES-BEAK WHERE NIPPLE WOULD BE
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EMPHASIS ON HORNS, FOUND IN ROWS, RELIEF OF WOMAN’S  BODY W/TARGET ON STOMACHE HORNS SUBSTITUTE FOR MALE ENERGY- IMPLIES  C. VULTURES D. MELLART VS. HODDER MELLART: 1960’S ARCHAEOLOGIST WHO DISCOVERED CATAL  HOYUK HODDER: 1990’S RESUMED EXCAVATIONS SUBSTANTIAL (FERTILITY IS EMPHASIZED), PRESENCE  OF ANIMALS- IMPLIES MATRIARCHY? INTERPRETATIONS ARE HOSTILE- THEY MINIMIZE THE  WOMEN IN PRE-HISTORY BRONZE AGE     - MESOPOTAMIA- FERTILE CRESCENT- PRACTICAL FOR HUMAN  SETTLEMENT
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1. SUMER 3,500 – 1,900 B.C.E.  (CUNEIFORM SCRIPT- 1 ST  RECORD OF WRITING- SERIES OF WEDGE SHAPED MARKS), INANNA- PRIESTESSES HOLD MORE  AUTHORITY THAN PRIESTS- ACCOMPANIED BY ANIMALS- HARMONY IN  NATURE A. URUK VASE: TEMPLE PRIESTESS ACCEPTING OFFERINGS FROM  FARMER-VISUAL REPRESENTATION OF WRITINGS 2. BABYLON 1900 – 1600 B.C.E .- TAKES OVER SUMERIAN- DID NOT CHANGE  RAPIDLY A. THEOCRACY- RULE BY A DEITY B. TEMPLE PRIESTESSES- HELD MORE POWER THAN PRIESTS c. INANNA   ISHTAR INANNA- QUEEN OF HEAVEN- FEMALE FIGURE W/CROWN,  NAME CHANGES TO ISTHAR AFTER BABYLONIAN CONQUEST,  LATER CHANGES MEANING OF DEITY d. CODE OF HAMMURABI 1750 B.C.E .- DEVELOPMENT OF MALE  ST  LAW CODE- WRITTEN ON BASALT PILLAR (FALIC)  RULES ON HOW TO LIVE LIVES/ RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN  MEN & WOMEN
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WOMEN CAN HOLD PROPERTY, MOTHERS ARE QUEENS  OF HOUSEHOLD- WOMEN ARE ENCOURAGED TO  DOMINATE HOUSEHOLD CHILDREN CAN BE BANISHED IF THEY DISOBEY “MINOAN” CIVILIZATION ON CRETE C. 3,000 – 1250 B.C.E.
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course ART HIST 303 taught by Professor Straughan during the Spring '08 term at Ithaca College.

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Images of Women exam 1 review - Images of Women- Exam I...

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