West Civs review FINAL

West Civs review FINAL - Western Civilizations...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Western Civilizations: Prehistory-1500 Final Review PEOPLE: Sabeans: Who: Religious group What: When: 30 BCE-??? Where: Middle East Why: Believed the message of God was told to John the Baptist, not Yashoo al-Masih (Jesus). Ebionites: Who: Religious group What: When:30 BCE-??? Where: Middle East Why: Believed that Jesus was a great man, but just a man. They saw the crucifixion as an illusion. Quraysh: Who: Arabic Tribe What: When: ??? 6 th Century ??? – 7 th century (Driven from Mecca) Where: Mecca – Saudi Arabia Why: Mohammed came from this tribe, they controlled Mecca and the Ka’ba. Very powerful due to trade & Ka’ba. Mohammed: Who: Arabic Man from Quraysh – Mecca – The Prophet What: Founder of Islam When:570-632 Where: Modern day Saudi Arabia – Mecca, Medina. Why: 610- Goes into seclusion in a cave and he receives the 1 st revelation of Qur’an. Goes to Medina to appeal to Jews/others there. 630- Has enough power to invade Medina and does. Founder of Islam. Abu Bakr: Who: 1 st Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of the Islamic Empire When: 632-634 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina Why: One of the very first believers in Islam Starts compiling Qur’an. Assassinated. Expansion Omar: Who: 2 nd Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of the Islamic Empire
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
When: 634-644 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina/Jerusalem Why: Begins Muslim expansion (Jerusalem), Very pious yet capable. Monk-like. Assassinated. Expansion. Othman: Who: 3 rd Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of Islamic Empire When: 644-656 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina/Jerusalem Why: Finishes compiling the Qur’an, He was a leading Quraysh tribesman, Assassinated. Expansion. Ali: Who: 4 th Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of Islamic Empire When: 656-661 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina/Jerusalem Why: Cousin of the Prophet, Married to the Prophet’s daughter (Son-in-Law), after his assassination the Sunni/Shiite split starts. Expansion. Sunni: Who: Group of the Muslim population What: 90% of Muslims When: After Ali’s assassination (661) - Today Where: Islamic Empire Why: Follower of the Laws/Codes who believe that the ruler of Islam does not need to be a blood- relative of Mohammed Shiite: Who: Group of the Muslim population What: 10% of Muslims When: After Ali’s assassination (661) - Today Where: Islamic Empire Why: Follower of a man/Ali. Believe ruler of Islam must be a blood-relative of Mohammed. Ummayads: Who: Islamic Caliphate What: Islamic dynasty/family When: 661-750 Where: Islamic empire. (Holy Land, Anatolia, Persian, India, N. Africa, Spain) Why: Invaded Spain (711) and pushed farther east into India. Moved the Islamic capitol to Damascus . Centralized Islamic culture by making Arabic the official language of governments . Later in 756 Ummayads set up the Emirate of Córdoba in al-Andalus which lasted
Image of page 2
until 1031. Ummayad control of al-Andalus lasted until 1492 when the Spanish kingdoms finally drove them from their last foothold (Granada) back across the Strait of Gibraltar.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern