West Civs review FINAL

West Civs review FINAL - Western Civilizations:...

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Unformatted text preview: Western Civilizations: Prehistory-1500 Final Review PEOPLE: Sabeans: Who: Religious group What: When: 30 BCE-??? Where: Middle East Why: Believed the message of God was told to John the Baptist, not Yashoo al-Masih (Jesus). Ebionites: Who: Religious group What: When:30 BCE-??? Where: Middle East Why: Believed that Jesus was a great man, but just a man. They saw the crucifixion as an illusion. Quraysh: Who: Arabic Tribe What: When: ??? 6 th Century ??? 7 th century (Driven from Mecca) Where: Mecca Saudi Arabia Why: Mohammed came from this t ribe, they controlled Mecca and the Kaba. Very powerful due to trade & Kaba. Mohammed: Who: Arabic Man from Quraysh Mecca The Prophet What: Founder of Islam When:570-632 Where: Modern day Saudi Arabia Mecca, Medina. Why: 610- Goes into seclusion in a cave and he receives the 1 st revelation of Quran. Goes to Medina to appeal to Jews/others there. 630- Has enough power to invade Medina and does. Founder of Islam. Abu Bakr: Who: 1 st Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of the Islamic Empire When: 632-634 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina Why: One of the very first believers in Islam Starts compiling Quran. Assassinated. Expansion Omar: Who: 2 nd Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of the Islamic Empire When: 634-644 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina/Jerusalem Why: Begins Muslim expansion (Jerusalem), Very pious yet capable. Monk-like. Assassinated. Expansion. Othman: Who: 3 rd Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of Islamic Empire When: 644-656 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina/Jerusalem Why: Finishes compiling the Quran, He was a leading Quraysh t ribesman, Assassinated. Expansion. Ali: Who: 4 th Caliph of Islam What: Ruler of Islamic Empire When: 656-661 Where: Middle East- Mecca/Medina/Jerusalem Why: Cousin of the Prophet, Married to the Prophets daughter (Son-in-Law), after his assassination the Sunni/Shiite split starts. Expansion. Sunni: Who: Group of the Muslim population What: 90% of Muslims When: After Alis assassination (661) - Today Where: Islamic Empire Why: Follower of the Laws/Codes who believe that the ruler of Islam does not need to be a blood- relative of Mohammed Shiite: Who: Group of the Muslim population What: 10% of Muslims When: After Alis assassination (661) - Today Where: Islamic Empire Why: Follower of a man/Ali. Believe ruler of Islam must be a blood-relative of Mohammed. Ummayads: Who: Islamic Caliphate What: Islamic dynasty/family When: 661-750 Where: Islamic empire. (Holy Land, Anatolia, Persian, India, N. Africa, Spain) Why: Invaded Spain (711) and pushed farther east into India. Moved the Islamic capitol to Damascus . Centralized Islamic culture by making Arabic the official language of governments . Later in 756 Ummayads set up the Emirate of Crdoba in al-Andalus which lasted until 1031. Ummayad control of al-Andalus lasted until 1492 when the Spanish kingdoms finally drove them from their last foothold (Granada) back across the Strait of Gibraltar....
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West Civs review FINAL - Western Civilizations:...

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