U of M - West Civs 1031W Exam 2 Review

U of M - West Civs 1031W Exam 2 Review - 3 Parts of Exam 1...

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3 Parts of Exam: 1) 2 Questions: 1- 5 historical events in chronological order 2- Briefly identify 5 individuals (Who/When/Significance) 2) Chose 2 of 3 questions…. Ex. What is significance of Virgil’s “Tears in the nature of things…”? Ex. Briefly describe the course of the Peloponnesian War 3) 2 Essays, Choose 1. .. Ex. Compare the afterlives in Greece (Odyssey) vs. Rome (Aeneid) Es. ???? PEOPLE Hienrich Schliemann Who: German archaeologist When: Late 19 th century Significance: Discovered Troy’s remains, in Anatolia (W. Turkey) Socrates Who: Athenian philosopher When: 469-399 BCE (Golden Age Athens) Significance: Influenced Plato > Aristotle > Alexander, EXECUTED as scapegoat, “Maker of West” Socratic Method Odysseus Who: King of Ithica (in Greece) When: 1250-1000BCE (Late 2 nd millennium BCE) Significance: Hero of Odyssey and main character in Iliad, responsible for fall of Troy (Trojan Horse) and has Hubris. He shows the Greek ideal of cleverness and intelligence. Pericles Who: Athenian politician/leader, most Powerful man in Golden Age Athens When: c. 495-429 BCE Significance: Largely responsible for the success of Golden age Athens. He made large improvements to Athenian democracy. Thought of polis/DEMOS KRATIA. Played a large role in determining the Athenian strategy of pulling back into the city during the Peloponnesian war and waging a war of attrition. This greatly affected the Athenian plague. Thucydides Who: Exiled Athenian general turned historian When: c. 460-400 BCE Significance: Wrote his History of the Peloponnesian War which gives a full account of the Peloponnesian War from a participants perspective. Important pieces: Funeral Oration of Pericles, Melian Diologue, Plague Aeneas Who: Trojan Prince, founder of Latium, ancestor of Julius Caesar When: During the Trojan War (c. 1250-1000 BCE) and his time following where he went to Carthage and Latium. Late 2 nd century or early 1 st century. Significance: Main character in Virgil’s Aeneid, Connects Octavian to the Trojan line of Kings via Iulus vs. Julius Caesar. Supposed founder of Rome/Latium. Exhibits the Roman virtue of Pietas Virgil Who: Roman Poet When: 70-19 BCE
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Significance: Wrote the Aeneid (an epic honoring Octavian and the Roman people), Helped set up Roman values of Pietas vs. Levitas, explained Rome’s origins, Homer Who: Greek author/poet When: c. 800-700 BCE Significance: Wrote Iliad and Odyssey. Created personification of the gods. Defined civilization, etc. Julius Caesar Who: Roman general/dictator When: ????-44 BCE Significance: Conquered West, Anatolia, Egypt, etc. Part of 1 st triumvirate, deified after death associated w/ “New West” Octavian Who: 1 st emperor of Rome, Caesar’s adopted nephew When: Rules 27-????? BCE Significance: Pax romana, greatly increased Roman infrastructure, part of 2 nd triumvirate, defeated Antony/ Cleopatra, reunified Rome after civil war following J. Caesar’s death Dido Who: Queen of Carthage When: Around 1000 BCE or Early 1
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course HIST 1031W taught by Professor Matar during the Fall '07 term at Minnesota.

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U of M - West Civs 1031W Exam 2 Review - 3 Parts of Exam 1...

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