“To say that everything that is, is of necessity, when it is, is not the same as saying unconditionally that it is of necessity.” Int . 9, 25. Things might be necessary once they occur, but that is quite different from saying that something that has yet to happen is absolutely necessary. In “On Interpretation,” Aristotle explains the difference between how something either must or must not happen (an absolute truth), and how something either must happen or must not happen (neither of which are absolute truths). He also describes how something in the past either has or has not happened and how something in the future has yet to be determined. Aristotle believed in logical determinism, meaning that we have the ability to choose what we act off of, but our actions are determined by that which we have chosen to act for. If an event has already occurred, then it is necessary that it has happened, because it has happened. Aristotle says that this is different from claiming what the outcome of
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PHIL 201 taught by Professor Preuss during the Fall '08 term at Binghamton.