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The effect of music therapy on the level of anxiety in the patients undergoing arterial angiography.

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Open Journal of Nursing, 2012, 2, 165-169OJNPublished Online September 2012 ()The effect of music therapy on the level of anxiety in thepatients undergoing coronary angiographyMeltem Vizeli Doğan1, LemanŞenturan2*1Gulhane Medical Military Academy, Istanbul, Turkey2Halic University School of Health Sciences, Istanbu, TurkeyEmail:*[email protected]Received 4 May 2012; revised 31 May 2012; accepted 9 June 2012ABSTRACTThe sedative effects of music on healthy and sickindividuals are known for centuries. Nowadays, nurs-ing has used the efficacy of music therapy in inter-ventions. The aim of the study was to determine theeffect of music, which the patients undergoing acoronary angiography for the first time listened toduring the intraoperative period, on the level of anxi-ety in the patients. The study was conducted experi-mentally as a pretest/posttest control group design.Data collection form; state-trait anxiety inventory,CDs and CD player were used. Inventories were ap-plied to the patients before the process. The studygroup (100 patients) listened to music throughout theintervention, whilst the control group (100 patients)listened to no music. At the end of the process, all pa-tients were given the same state anxiety inventoryonce more. The data was assessed by number, per-centage, mean distribution with the paired t-test and ttest. It was found that the difference between themean state anxiety scores obtained before and duringthe coronary angiography were significantly higher inthe study group (4.04 ± 1.15) than the control group(2.01 ± 0.10) (p = 0.000). It was concluded that themusic listened to during the coronary angiographyprocess had an impact on the intraoperative anxietylevels of the patients.Keywords:Music Therapy; Anxiety; CoronaryAngiography; Nursing1. INTRODUCTIONThe coronary angiography is an invasive and routineprocedure in cardiology and makes the individual ex-perience anxiety as all simple or critical invasive proce-dures [1]. The primary factors for increasing the patient’sanxiety are hospitalization, and/or being in the hospitaland waiting for a procedure/intervention to be performed[2,3]. The meaning of the procedure to the patient, thetypes of questions they have regarding the procedure,and the degree of clarity they have on what the proceduremeans to them, and potentially unanswered questions areother factors that also contribute to patient anxiety [3,4].Healthcare professionals need to identify patient’sanxiety and decide what can be done to relieve it [5].Nurses can use both social and formal non-therapeuticmethods to deal with a patient’s anxiety in collaborationwith other members of the profession. It is well ac-knowledged how important non-therapeutic nursing ap-proaches are in relieving the patient’s anxiety and fear,particularly in the preoperative period.

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