POLS 3[1]D - POLS Review: Exam 3 Local Political Systems...

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POLS Review: Exam 3 Local Political Systems Local Governments:  Over 88,000 of them A. 3,000 counties B. 17,000 townships (subdivisions of counties)- not in TX C. 19,000 cities D. 14,000 school districts E. 35,000 special districts Constitutional Authorization: A. Not mentioned in the Constitution- local govs.  B.  10 th  Amendment  to the Constitution- foundation of federalism C. “The powers not delegated to the US by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it  to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.” D.  Dillon’s Rule - Powers of local governments 1. 1868 Iowa court case- the question was how much autonomy does a  local government have in relation to the state gov.? 2. Decided it can only do what state tells them they can do- they are  creations of the state 3. Opposite of relationship of state and national governments- 10 th  amendment  Counties: A. 3043 (or townships, parishes (Louisiana), or boroughs (Maine or Mass.) B. 254 in Texas- don’t all have equal numbers of population And aren’t required  to.  C. Administrative arms of the state- their only function is to help the state govern D. Lack ordinance-making powers- law-making powers, don’t have this power in  Texas, but some states do.  E. Politically powerful- fireworks businesses, mobile homes, outdoor gun ranges,  land developing County responsibilities: A. Build roads and bridges- also maintain them, lots of money and people  involved B. Tax collection- county can tax on their own C. Law enforcement (sheriff, done outside city limits), prosecution, coroner 
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(investigates suspicious deaths, parole, and probation (supervision) D. Court system- they run it E. Health services- mainly public, keeps track of communal diseases, provides  vaccinations, Medicaid, works with city to provide emergency health services F. Social services 1. Welfare 2. Parks 3. Libraries G. Bureaucratic services: Register and keep records 1. Births and deaths- keep certificates and records 2. Marriages- go to county clerk’s office to apply for marriage certificate 3. Voters- voter registrar  4. Business- must register with county, what kind of bus. it is 5. Property transactions- they need to check it out and make sure the  land isn’t leaning, anything you build on your property 6. Court papers- trial transcripts  7. Vehicle registration Governmental structure: A.  Commissioners Court - 5 elected members (Texas) -All counties divided up into 4 precincts and each has a commissioner,  and also a judge elected at-large (from the whole county) -Most corruption in this section of government
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course POLS 207 taught by Professor Peterson during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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POLS 3[1]D - POLS Review: Exam 3 Local Political Systems...

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